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45 terms

Major Concepts of Chapter 7-9

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Force Bill
Andrew Jackson; President could use force to get states to pay tariff of 1828
Nullification Doctrine
John C Calhoun; states could decide which acts to follow
Nullification Crisis
South believed in states over federal; declared tariff void
Compromise Tariff of 1833
Henry Clay; Tariff of 1828 would be lowered over a 10 year period until it resembled the tariff of 1818
Whigs
political party to oppose Jackson and his views
Democratic Party
Oldest current political party; led by jefferson, favored states rights, alliance with france, and opposed Hamilton's financial view
Tariff of Abominations
name given to the tariff of 1828 by the South
Spoils System
Jackson's system where he appointed supporters to cabinet positions; 2 year terms
People's President
Andrew Jackson's nickname
Kitchen Cabinet
Jackson's informal cabinet of advisors
Peggy-Eaton Affair
Social scandal where Jackson supported Peggy in remembrance of his wife
Webster-Haynes Debate
Webster said that the states gave up their sovereignty and freedom when they created the fed gov
Jackson's Native American Policy
If they moved to Oklahoma, the land would be theirs forever. If not, they were moved by force.
Bank War
Jackson saw the National bank as seat of aristocrats and vetoed the recharter
Pet banks
Jackson's banks to whom he invested money in his war with the national bank
National Road
First Congressional highway funded by the government
Panic of 1819
Caused by sudden tightening of credit by banks
Convention of 1818
Set the border between US and Canada and 39th parallel
Adams-Onis Treaty
Spain gives up all land claims in Florida to US
Industrial Revolution Inventions
Cotton Gin, Interchangeable rifle parts, Conestoga wagons, yankee clipper ships, steamboat
Missouri Compromise
Maine enters as free, Missouri enters as slave, no slavery above 39th parallel, proposed by Henry Clay
Monroe Doctrine
American foreign policy opposing foreign interference with North America
Era of Good Feeling
period from 1818 to 1823 where the country enjoyed economic, politic, and social prosperity
Corrupt Bargain
Jackson's term for when Adams appointed Clay Secretary of State in return for his support in the Election of 1824
National Republicans
Supporters of strong central government and national bank
American System
protective tariff, improved infrastructure, recharter of National Bank
Rush Bagot Agreement
limited naval power on the Great Lakes between US and Canada
Erie Canal
Encouraged by Dewitt Clinton; connected the North and West in commerce
Protective Tariffs
Tax on imported goods to US; favored by North because it protected local merchants; hated by South because it indirectly hurt their industry with UK
War of 1812
War started by UK and French impressment, disrespect of US rights, Milan Act, Berlin Act, Chesapeake-Leopard Affair and other causes.
Treaty of Ghent
Ended War of 1812; impressment was never even adressed
Tecumseh
Indian leader who tried to unite the tribes to oppose white expansion; was involved with UK in War of 1812
Second Great Awakening
Series of religious revivals due to the belief of Deism; Methodist, Baptist, and Presbyterian religions established themselves
Benevolent Empire
campaign of Christian reforms inspired by their ideals in 1820
War Hawks
Vehement supporters of the War of 1812; John C Calhoun, Henry Clay
Jeffersonian Democracy
phrase used to describe political ideas related to an agrarian society of white males
Republican Motherhood
women had responsibility to cultivate the children
virtuous citizen
citizens that actively participate in their country
Louisiana purchase
Jefferson was afraid Napoleon would take back his offer
Marbury vs Madison
case where Supreme court first asserted the power of the judicial branch
Embargo Act
Prevent US trade with all foreign countries
Non-Intercourse Act
Prevent US trade with UK and France
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
US ship Chesapeake refused UK inspection and UK ship Leopard fired; one of the causes of the War of 1812
Hartford Convention
Meeting of New England states to propose secession
Battle of New Orleans
Andrew Jackson made his name here; showed that the US could defend itself