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12 terms

New Testament/Morality

Chapter 5 Gospels
STUDY
PLAY
Matthew
Intro: genealogy (ancestors) of Jesus dating back to Abraham.
Main Character: Joseph b/c it has to explain the genealogy of Jesus. Describes Jesus' birth and His name. Next, the visit of the Magi (wise men) and their gifts (gold, frankincense, myrrh)
Gentiles accepted Jesus, but the Jews did NOT. Joseph, Mary and Jesus go to Egypt & Herod slaughters first-born boys to eliminate rival kings, but Jesus escapes it. Jesus and his family return to Palestine. Written shortly after Luke; dedicated Jews. Jesus fulfilled the Law; Is Messiah. Moses was going to be slaughtered but was saved like Jesus
Luke
Main character is Mary and Elizabeth because he shows compassion for them. Starts with Jesus' announcer, John the Baptist who was born to Zechariah and Elizabeth. Gabriel tells Mary about Jesus' birth: "Son of the Most High".
Mary tells Elizabeth of holy conception & Elizabeth says "Blessed is the fruit of your womb!" Magnificat Prayer is Mary's response to her special son. Tells of John the Baptist's birth, circumcision and naming. Next is the prophetic prayer by Zechariah. Jesus' Birth and Early Life: (only found in Luke) Poor Shepherds
Circumcision; Prophecies of Jesus by Simeon and Anna. Mary and Joseph lose Jesus in the Temple in Jerusalem when He was 12.
15 years after Mark; Gentiles; Good news of Jesus is offered to all
John
Last Gospel written: starts with the WORD of Jesus- cosmology. Tells it through Jesus, the essence of God. Announces Jesus is the Son of God in the beginning. Much later, Jesus as Messiah and son of God. Poetic, symbolic language and stories. Jesus goes to the desert and is tempted by the Devil, but uses the word of Deuteronomy against him
Mark
1st gospel; Non-Jew Christians; humanity and suffering of Jesus. Ate locusts and honey; clothed in camels hair
ECONOMIC
""One does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God." You don't know you want it until you see someone else who has it.
MAGIC
"Do not put the Lord your God to the test." celebrities: 2 different people, when they're in the spotlight & when they're themselves. they can get away with anything.
POLITICAL
"Worship the Lord your God and serve only Him." To get what you want, you have to put one down & ACCUSE them of looking bad. Have to have an enemy
Satan
Accuser
Paraclete
meaning Holy Spirit
How did Jesus teach?
Jesus was a Rabi who picked His own disciples. Preached Kingdom of God. Taught them, they learned, and went out to teach. (12 apostles; 12 tribes of Israel
Infancy Narratives
Matthew and Luke told stories of Jesus' birth and early life. John said the Word of God is coming alive & told the origins of Jesus and the nature of his ministry
Gospels
Different portraits of Jesus. About Jesus' life, meaning, and impact it has on us. We learn the Gospel from the Nativity Scene. Needed to know Jesus came & was born man. ONLY TWO Nativity stories: Matthew & Luke.