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40 terms

4th grade Unit 3 Social Studies - Colonization

STUDY
PLAY
Puritan
a member of the Church of England who settled in North America to follow Christian beliefs in a more pure way
charter
an official paper in which certain rights are given by a government to a person, group, or business
colony
a land ruled by a distant country
indentured servant
a person who agreed to work for another person without pay for a certain length of time in exchange for passage to North America
slave
a person held in servitude as the property of another
industry
all the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service
export
a product that leaves a country
import
a product brought into a country
farm produce
grains, fruits, and vegetables for sale
Great Awakening
a religious movement started by a Dutch minister in the Middle Atlantic colonies that called for greater freedom of choice in religion
refuge
a safe place
trial by jury
the right of a person accused of a crime to be tried by a jury, or group, of fellow citizens
justice
fairness
township
an area of land
Immigrant
a person who comes into a country to make a new home
militia
a volunteer army
almanac
a yearly calendar and weather forecast that helps farmers know when to plant crops
constitution
a written plan of government
indigo
plant from which a blue dye can be made
debtor
a person who is put in prison for owing money
plantation
a large farm in the Southern colonies
planter
a plantation owner
broker
a person who is paid to buy and sell for someone else
overseer
a hired person who watched field slaves as they worked
spiritual
a religious song based on Bible stories (some slaves sang these too)
auction
public sale
public service
a job someone does to help the community or society as a whole
apprentice
a person who learns a trade by living with the family of a skilled worker and training for several years
county
a large part of a colony or a state
county seat
main town of a county
landowner
one who possesses a piece of land
farmer
a person who cultivates land or crops or raises animals (as livestock or fish)
artisan
craftsman; person with special skills in doing certain work, such as printing or making shoes
Atlantic Coastal Plain
the flat stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean stretching from New Jersey through the southeast United States
economics
the study of how people use resources to meet their needs
British Colonial America
consists of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Southern colonies
New England colonies
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire
colonial life
everyday work and play of early settlers
Mid-Atlantic colonies
Pennsylvania, New York, Delaware, New Jersey (breadbasket colonies)
Southern colonies
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Maryland