SOCI Ch. 15 Authority
Terms in this set (33)
power relations among people or other social actors.
the justifiable right to exercise power.
authority that rests in the personal appeal of an individual leader.
authoritarian political system
authority based on appeals to the past or traditions.
a system of authority based on legal, impersonal rules; the rules rule.
the clear, rule-governed procedures used repeatedly for decision making.
an ever-expanding process of ordering or organizing.
a legal-rational organization or mode of administration that governs with reference to rules and roles and emphasizes meritocracy.
the process of making work consist of specific, delimited tasks.
the methods of labor management introduced by Frederick Winslow Taylor to streamline the processes of mass production in which each worker repeatedly performs one specific task.
a society that assigns social status, power, and economic rewards on achievement, not ascribed, personal attributes or favoritism.
an experiment devised in 1961 by Stanley Milgram, a psychologist at Yale University, to see how far ordinary people would go to obey a scientific authority figure.
the ability to carry out one's own will despite resistance.
the probability that a command with specific content will be obeyed by a given group of people.
as defined by Weber, "a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory.
the use of force to get others to do what you want.
paradox of authority
although the state's authority derives from the implicit threat of physical force, resorting to physical coercion strips the state of all legitimate authority.
international state system
a system in which each state is recognized as territorially sovereign by fellow states.
a system in which the state is responsible for the well-being of its citizens.
the rights guaranteed to each law-abiding citizen in a nation-state.
the rights guaranteeing a citizen's personal freedom from interference, including freedom of speech and the right to travel freely.
the rights guaranteeing a citizen's ability to participate in politics, including the right to vote and the right to hold an elected office.
the rights guaranteeing a citizen's protection by the state.
power attained through the use of cultural attractiveness rather than the threat of coercive action (hard power).
a system of government wherein power theoretically lies with the people; citizens are allowed to vote in elections, speak freely, and participate as legal equals in social life.
a form of government that restricts the right to political participation to a small group or even to a single individual.
the study of strategic decisions under conditions of uncertainty and interdependence.
collective action problem
the difficulty in organizing large groups because of the tendency of some individuals to freeload or slack off.
an organization that seeks to gain power in a government, generally by backing candidates for office who subscribe (to the extent possible) to the organization's political ideals.
an organization that seeks to gain power in government and influence policy without direct election or appointment to office.
activity that has the intent or effect of influencing government action.
formal organization that directs the political life of a society
random acts of violence or threat of such violence employed by an individual or group as a political strategy. 4 distinguishing characteristics:
1. Terrorists try to paint violence as a legitimate political tactic. Terror is therefore a weal organizations strategy to harm stronger foe.
2. Terrorism is employed not just by groups (Al-Qaeda) but by governments (state terrorism). State terror is lawful in some authoritarian and totalitarian regimes.
3. Democratic societies reject terrorism, nut are especially vulnerable to terrorists because of extensive civil liberties and freedoms
4. Terrorism is always a matter of definition. One person's: terrorist" is another's "freedom fighter" (or extremist group or militia). Part of what makes the "war on terror" practically unwinnable is the fact that very few countries can agree on a definition
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