22 terms

Don't Bug Me

STUDY
PLAY
Arachnida
4 pairs of legs, body divided in to 2, arachnid; ex. Spider, Crab
Chilopoda
Rounded of flattened head, a pair of antennae, sharp claws, venom glands, variable number of ocelli (type of eye form); Ex. Centipede
Crustacea
3 body segments, body protected by exoskeleton, most are aquatic, but some are terrestrial, parasitic, or sessile; Ex. Shrimp, Lobster
Diploda (Diplopoda)
Black or brown, exoskeleton (hard or soft), flattened or rounded head, first segment after head is legless, some have legless last segments; Ex. Millipede
Insecta (Hexapoda)
3 pairs of jointed legs compound eyes, 1 pair of antennae, exoskeleton, 3 part body, most hatch from eggs; Ex. All Insects like Bees, Butterflies
Thysanura
wingless, nocturnal, move fish-like, flattened bodies, elongated or oval in shape, flexible antennae, small or absent compound eyes, found in humid areas; Ex. Silverfish, Firebrat
Orthoptera
incomplete metamorphosis, metamorphosis only has stages: eggs, nymph, and adult stage, produce sound by rubbing wings together, ears located either in front legs of first body segment; Ex. Grasshoppers, Crickets
Isoptera
live in colonies, feed on dead plant material, red heads = soldiers, pale heads = workers,live in subtropical or tropical places; Ex. Termites
Neuroptera
Soft body insects, large compound eyes, may have ocelli, 4 wings about same size, 3 pairs of throacic legs, abdomen often have adheisive discs on the last 2 segments; Ex. Lacewings, Mantiflies
Ephemrida (Ephemerida)
Delicate bodies, fragile wings, fore wings larger than hind wings, at end of abdomen 2 or 3 long threads; Ex. Mayflies, Shad flies,
Odonata
Carnivourous insects, large round heads, compound eyes, 2 pairs of long, transparent wings, elongated abdomens; Ex. Dragonflies, Damselflies
Mallophaga
Suborder of lice, external parasites, head wider than prothorax, feed on birds, mouthparts located on side of head; Ex. Chewing lice, Biting lice
Anoplura
Sucking lice, blood feeding ectoparasites, cause skin irritations, children attract this kind of lice; Ex. Head lice, Body lice
Hemiptera
Often known as true bugs, wings are membranous (meaning close to nature), antennae have 5 sebments; Ex. Aphid , Shield bug
Homoptera
Suborder of hemiptera, taxonomist; Ex. Aphid, Cicada
Dermaptera
nocturnal, hide in small moist crevices during the day, may have 5 molts before they turn in to adults; Ex. Earwig
Coleoptera
2 pairs of wings, front pair hard and thickened to protect rear wings, act as abdomen, includes more species than any other order, some feed on flesh or hide, some on fungi, some on dung, some pollenate flowers, some parasites, complete metamorphosis; Ex. All Beetles like Ladybug, Dung beetle
Trichoptera
Aquatic larvae, 2 pairs of membranous, hairy wings, scales on wings, found in streams, lakes, rivers,ect. Ex. Caddisfly
Lepidoptera
Most spieces have membranous wings, although some reduced wings, some wingless, larvae commonly called caterpillars, larvae develope into chrysalis; Ex. Moth, Butterfly
Diptera
Pair of flight wings, pair of hind wings, some are flightless, true flies; Ex. Fly
Siphonaptera
Wingless, mouthparts made to pierce skin and suck blood, parasites, long legs, usually dark colored, second best jumpers in the world, bodies are laterally compresed; Ex. Flea
Hynmenoptera (Hynmenoptera)
Third largest order of insects, hind wings connected to fore wings with hooks, females have special ovipositer to insert egfs in to host, ovipositer often modified into stinger; Ex. Bee, Wasp, Ant

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.