APUSH Vocab Chapter 30
Terms in this set (46)
Conservative political movements in industrialized democracies that have arisen since the 1960's and stress "traditional values," often with a racist undertone.
opposed ERA, focused on social, cultural, and moral problems, opposed gevernment paying for daycare`
1981-1989,"Great Communicator" Republican, conservative economic policies, replaced liberal Democrats in upper house with consevative Democrats or "boll weevils" , at reelection time, jesse jackson first black presdiential candidate, Geraldine Ferraro as VP running mate (first woman)
1964; Republican contender against LBJ for presidency; platform included lessening federal involvement, therefore opposing Civil Rights Act of 1964; lost by largest margin in history
The Conscience of a Conservative
Republican Senator Barry Goldwater's 1960 book, in which he advocated an abolition of the income tax, sale of the Tennessee Valley Authority, and a drastic overhaul of Social Security.
A 1993 effort, led by Vice President Al Gore, to make the bureaucracy work better and cost less.
strongly opposed the views of Keynesian economists, encouraging governments to minimize their involvement in the economy by reducing taxes and ceasing inflationary policies.
Politically active religious conservatives, especially catholics and evangelical christians, who became particularly vocal in the 1980s against feminism, abortion, and homosexuality
Leader of the Religious Right Fundamentalist Christians, a group that supported Reagan; rallying cry was "family values", anti-abortion, favored prayer in schools
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
leader of Iran placed in power by CIA; heavily influenced by U.S. culture; exiled by the people because of their distrust of U.S. customs and influence
diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States where 52 U.S. diplomats were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamist students took over the American embassy in support of the Iranian revolution
Election of 1980
Ronald Reagan won over Jimmy Carter because of the Iranian hostage crisis and America's stagflation.
Combination of economic and social conservatives, religious fundamentalists, and defense-minded anti-communists who rallied behind Republican President Ronald Reagan.
According to the compact theory of the Union the states retained all powers not specifically delegated to the central government by the Constitution.
A movement begun in the early 1980's among religious conservatives that supported primarily conservative Republicans opposed to abortion, communism and liberalism.
traditional Democratic middle-class voters turning to Ronald Reagan during the 1980s
supply side economics
An economic philosophy that holds the sharply cutting taxes will increase the incentive people have to work, save, and invest. Greater investments will lead to more jobs, a more productive economy, and more tax revenues for the government.
Economic Recovery Tax act
A federal law passed to boost the economy, reduce inflation and increase employment.
Led the fight for supply side economics. Wanted to ensure individuals outside the government could maximize abilities and aspirations.
The sum of government deficits over time.
A shortfall of tax revenue from government spending.
Sandra Day O'Conner
First female Supreme Court justice in 1981
- United States jurist who served as an associate justice on the United States Supreme Court from 1972 until 1986, when he was appointed chief justice
"Morning in America"
1984 election; Reagan's effective political campaign television commercial formally titled "Prouder, Stronger, Better"
In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.
a country that during its entire history has borrowed more from the rest of the world than it has lent to it
business that provides a service instead of making goods
A computer designed to be used by one person at a time; the acronym PC is sometimes used to refer to IBM PCs and "compatibles" to distinguish them from Apple computers.
Strategic Defense Initiative
Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.
Members of a leftist coalition that overthrew the Nicaraguan dictatorship of Anastasia Somoza in 1979 and attempted to install a socialist economy. The United States financed armed opposition by the Contras. The Sandinistas lost national elections in 1990
An opposition group in Nicaragua that Reagan ordered the CIA to assist.
CIA director William Casey and National Security Advisor William Poindexter believed if the Sandinistas took over in Nicaragua, a domino affect in Central America would take place. Poindexter and Casey found a way to sell arms to Iran for millions of dollars via Oliver North. That money was then used to buy weapons for the Contras, even after aid to the Contras had been cut by Congress.
Head of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. His liberalization effort improved relations with the West, but he lost power after his reforms led to the collapse of Communist governments in eastern Europe.
A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev which called for more openness with the nations of West, and a relaxing of restraints on Soviet citizenry.
A policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a market based economy and society
1980s: a series of bloodless revolutions in which the satellite states fight against Soviet reign and create free democratic governments. Gorbachev does not help suppress them. In Poland, Solidarity wins the first free election. In Germany, the people tear the Berlin Wall down and also has a free election.
Fall of Berlin Wall
1989 - Beginning of the fall of communism and the Soviet Union - symbolized the failure of communism and massive socialism
Commonwealth of independent states
Confederacy of independent states of the former Soviet Union that have united because of their common economic and administrative needs.
George HW Bush
Focused hugely on foreign affairs, Ambassador to the UN, Chairman of Republican National Committee, Did not focus enough on domestic affairs, Senior Admin. sold arms to Iran
The political position advocated by Jerry Falwell, Pat Robertson, and other conservative Republicans emphasizing a life of religious observance along with no drugs, no divorce, no abortions, no homosexuality, no working mothers, and no sex before marriage.
A black candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 1988 election who attempted to appeal to minorities, but eventually lost the nomination to Michael Dukakis
Israeli forces attacked PLO positions here and drove them back to capital city Beiru
PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)
A political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine
As president of Iraq, Saddam maintained power through the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) and the first Persian Gulf War (1991). During these conflicts, Saddam repressed movements he deemed threatening to the stability of Iraq, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. While he remained a popular hero among many disaffected Arabs everywhere for standing up to the West and for his support for the Palestinians, U.S. leaders continued to view Saddam with deep suspicion following the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Saddam was deposed by the U.S. and its allies during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Persian Gulf War
(1990 - 1991) Conflict between Iraq and a coalition of countries led by the United States to remove Iraqi forces from Kuwait which they had invaded in hopes of controlling their oil supply. A very one sided war with the United States' coalition emerging victorious.
UN resolution 687
required Iraq to destroy all WMD and set up a weapons inspection team, 1991
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