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22 terms

Unit 2

early colonies
What was the government like in Jamestown as well as all English colonies?
Why did the Pilgrims and Puritans settle in the New World?
religious freedom--they set up strict communities
Which colonial region suffered cold, harsh winters which made it hard to grow crops; followed strict religious laws; and made money by making ships, rum, and dried fish?
New England
Which colonial region was known as the "Bread Colonies" because they grew a lot of wheat; had many lakes and rivers for transportation; had people from all over Europe; and was tolerant of other religions?
Middle Colonies
Which colonial region had the longest growing season; grew cash crops such as tobacco, cotton, and rice; had slaves working on plantations; and were very tolerant of other religions because they were more interested in making money?
Southern Colonies
What is the name of a person who agreed to work for a colonist for a set amount of time to pay off their voyage to the New World?
indentured servant
What is the difference between an indentured servant and a slave?
indentured servants are free once they have re-paid their debt--slaves are never free
Explain the Triangular Trade Route.
Rum was made in the New England colonies, then taken to Africa to trade for slaves, the slaves were taken on the harsh "Middle Passage" to the West Indies, where they were treated very badly and given little food or excercise. In the West Indies, the slaves worked on sugar plantations. The sugar was sent to the New England colonies to make rum, and the cycle continued.
What did Southern Plantation owners do when they started growing cash crops on large plantations?
they began using slave labor which helped the economy in the South
How did the slaves improve the Southern plantation owners' health?
introduced green vegetables and healthier cooking styles
What kinds of jobs did slaves have?
South--farmed on plantations
North--stores, inns, blacksmiths
How did slaves preserve their culture?
made instruments, supported each other
Breaking tools, getting sick, and escaping are all ways that slaves ____________.
resisted slavey or tricked owners
Which European nation sent colonists to the New World to find gold, and convert natives to Catholicism?
Which European nation sent colonists to the New World to establish a fur trading business along the Mississippi River?
How were all colonists alike?
They all wanted a new opportunity in a new land
How did the French and Natives cooperate?
They set up a fur trading business
Who had the power in the colonies?
New Spain--ruled by the King of Spain
New France--ruled by the King of France
English Colonies--self governing (set up governments in the New World)
How were the Middle and Southern colonies alike?
They were both more tolerant of religion than New England
How did Jamestown survive?
They began growing tobbacco--a cash crop
Who worked on plantations, improved the colonists' diets, and gave cultural influences such as Gullah and basket weaving to the south?
African slaves
What is one major difference between the Southern Colonies and the rest of the English colonies?
New Engand and Middle Colonies settled for religious reasons, while the Southern Colonies were more interested in making money.