APUSH Chapter 31
Terms in this set (49)
Islamist terrorist organization that launched a series of attacks against U.S.
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
The World Trade Organization - an international body that enforces agreements that reduce barriers to international trade; successor to the GATT
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
Group of 8
An international organization of the leading capitalist industrial nations that controlled the world's major international financial organization.
A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
An organization that manufactures and markets products in many different countries and has multinational stock ownership and multinational management
A computer network developed by the Advanced Research Project Agency (now the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency) in the 1960s and 1970s as a means of communication between research laboratories and universities. the predecessor to the Internet.
World Wide Web
A system for finding information on the Internet through the use of linked documents.
A split in the United States reflecting differences in people's beliefs about private and public morality, and regarding what standards ought to govern individual behavior and social arrangements.
Immigration and Nationality Act
(also known as the Hart-Celler Act or the INS Act of 1965) abolished the national-origin quotas that had been in place in the United States since the Immigration Act of 1924. An annual limitation of 170,000 visas was established for immigrants from Eastern Hemisphere countries with no more than 20,000 per country. By 1968, the annual limitation from the Western Hemisphere was set at 120,000 immigrants, with visas available on a first-come, first-served basis. The democratic controlled Congress (House of Representatives voted 326 to 69) in favor while the Senate passed the bill by a vote of (76 to 18). President Lyndon Johnson signed the legislation into law.
Immigration reform and control act
Act that prohibits discrimination against job applicants on the basis of national origin or citizenship; establishes penalties for hiring illegal aliens and requires employers to establish each employee's identity and eligibility to work.
A perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions
A measure intended to end the affirmative action programs in California.
This legislation would provided illegal immigrants who came to the US when they were under the age of 16 graduate from American high schools with a conditional path to citizenship if they spend two years in college or do military service
movement in which people prevented people from going into abortion clinic
Defense of Marriage Act
1996, Declares that states are not obligated to recognize any same sex marriages that might not be legally sanctioned in other states, defined marriage and spouse in heterosexual terms for federal law
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
1989, Upheld a Missouri law that imposed restrictions on the use of state funds, facilities and employees in performing, assisting with, or counseling on abortions.
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
A 1992 case in which the Supreme Court loosened its standard for evaluating restrictions on abortion from one of "strict scrutiny" of any restraints on a "fundamental right" to one of "undue burden" that permits considerably more regulation.
Lawrence v. Texas
A Texas law classifying consensual, adult homosexual intercourse as illegal sodomy violated the privacy and liberty of adults to engage in private intimate conduct under the 14th amendment.
1992 and 1996; Democrat; Don't Ask Don't Tell policy implemented by Congress, Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, Travelgate controversy; Operation Desert Fox (4 day bombing campaign in Iraq); Scandals: Whitewater controversy, Lewinsky scandal (impeached and acquited), Travelgate controversy, Troopergate; first balanced budget since 1969
A term used to describe the new and more central left-wing parties of the 1990s, most notably Britain's "New Labour".
First Lady from 1992-2000; maintained a significant career as First Lady; attacked by conservatives and anti-feminists; took leading role in government affairs; promoted equality of sexes
universal health care
A health care system in which all citizens receive medical services paid for by tax revenues.
he was the Republican speaker in the House. He pushed for more conservative legislation during Clinton's presidency.
Contract With America
In the 1994 congressional elections, Congressman Newt Gingrich had Republican candidates sign a document in which they pledged their support for such things as a balanced budget amendment, term limits for members of Congress, and a middle-class tax cut.
personal responsibility and work opportunity reconciliation act of 1996. welfare reform
House of representitives impeached him for perjury and obstruction of justice.
Territories in the Ottoman Empire annexed by the Austrians in 1908; done so that territories would not be taken by the Serbian state; contained ethnic Serbs
1990s; fall of USSR caused tensions between diverse ethnic groups in tis region of Yugoslavia; war broke out and Clinton's diplomacy failed and he sent in troops; illustrated struggles America faced as the world superpower trying to keep peace
Osama Bin Laden
Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda (born in 1957)
George W Bush
43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001
Election of 2000
Bush v. Gore; Bush won although Gore won popular vote; controversy over the final vote count in Florida; settled by Supreme Court decision in favor of Bush
Economic growth and tax relief act
(2001) slashed income tax rates, extended the earned income credit for the poor, and phased out the estate tax by 2010, it skewed the distribution of tax benefits upward and the massive tax cuts combined with lots of spending plunged the federal government into debt
September 11, 2001
terrorist attacks on the united states that killed thousands of people
war on terror
Initiated by President George W. Bush after the attacks of September 11, 2001, the broadly defined war on terror aimed to weed out terrorist operatives and their supporters throughout the world.
A group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government in 1996
USA PATRIOT act
law passed due to 9/11 attacks; sought to prevent further terrorist attacks by allowing greater government access to electronic communications and other information; criticized by some as violating civil liberties
A policy adopted by the Bush administration in 2001 that asserts America's right to attack any nation that has weapons of mass destruction that might be used against U.S. interests at home or abroad.
Abu Ghraib prison
Prison in Iraq made famous by revelation of photos taken by Army Reserve MP guards in the acts of humiliating and torturing prisoners
Considered to be the one crisis of the Bush administrations second term and in is inefficiency to deal with the crisis. It destroyed 80% of New Orleans and more than 1300 people died, while the damages were $150 billion.
severe ongoing global economic problem that began in December 2007 and took a particularly sharp downward turn in September 2008; has affected the global economy, with higher detriment in some countries than others; sparked by the outbreak of the late-2000s financial crisis
first African American president
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
enacted feb 2009, $787 mil in government spending to attempt to revive the economy
Patient Protection and afford care act
This is the health care reform law. Focuses on reform of the private health insurance market; providing better coverage for those with pre-existing conditions; improving prescription drug coverage in Medicare.
Don't ask, Don't tell
"- the policy in the US military for homosexuals who served. No one would ask your sexuality but if you were outwardly homosexual and engaging in homosexual activities you would be discharged
Appointed by President Obama in 2009, first Hispanic Supreme Court Justice
A revolutionary wave of protests and demonstrations overtaking dictators in the Middle East (2011)
(2005) controlling global warming by setting greenhouse gas emissions targets for developed countries
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