46 terms

AP Human Geography-Chapter 10 Test Questions

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1. Quarry workers, quarry owners, stone cutters, exporters, designers and architects, builders, tile and stone distributors, etc. represent an example of the links connecting producers and consumers in a world market. This is an example of ​​​
a) an export-import model.
b) a commodity chain.
c) globalization theory.
d) a core-periphery model.
b) a commodity chain.
2. ________________ processes in the commodity chain involve technology, education, research and development, and high wages.
a) Core
b) Value-added
c) Neo-colonial
d) Periphery
a) core
3. Which of the following is not associated with core production processes?
a) technology
b) low-wage labor
c) education
d) research and development
b) low-wage labor
4. The word "development" implies ​​​​
a) progress.
b) colonialism.
c) lowering of wages through mechanization.
d) technology.
a) progress.
5. Modern ideas of development are related to ​​​
a) the Industrial Revolution.
b) the Agricultural Revolution.
c) gross domestic product.
d) religious views of equity.
a) the Industrial Revolution.
6. Gross national product (GNP) measures the total value of goods and services produced by a country's corporations and individuals. It is standardized by ​​​
a) being calculated in Euros.
b) measuring the informal as well as informal economy.
c) being calculated on a per capita basis.
d) adjusting for differences in attitude toward "progress."
c) being calculated on a per capita basis.
7. Gross domestic product measures only ​​​
a) home-based output.
b) the informal economy.
c) the productivity of individuals.
d) production only within a country.
d) production only within a country.
8. Which of the following has the highest per capita GNP?
a) Japan
b) United States
c) European Union
d) Canada
a) Japan
9. Which does not make up a portion of Colombia's GNP?
a) professional sports franchises
b) tourism
c) coffee production
d) drug trafficking
d) drug trafficking
10. Which Asian nation listed below has a per capita GNP above the world average?
a) Vietnam
b) China
c) South Korea
d) North Korea
c) South Korea
11. A large component of survival in countries with low per capita GNP is ​​
a) foreign aid.
b) the sale of resources.
c) the informal economy.
d) tourism.
c) the informal meeting convoy.
12. High levels of development can be determined by measurement of access to railways, roads, airline connections, telephones, radio and television, etc. These are collectively referred to as ​​
a) infrastructure.
b) dependency measures.
c) formal economy.
d) commodity connections.
a) infrastructure.
13. Dependency ratio measures: ​​
a) family size
b) percent of the population dependent on welfare
c) the number of young plus the number of elderly per 100 workers
d) average number of hours of work to feed a family of four
c) the number of young plus the number of elderly per 100 workers
14. Which is not among the five stages of Rostow's development model?
a) traditional
b) take-off
c) high-mass consumption
d) collapse-decline
d) collapse-decline
15. Rostow's model, developed in the early 1960s, was based upon the experience of ​​
a) financial economists.
b) Latin American countries.
c) China.
d) Western modernization.
d) Western modernization.
16. ____________ is the only country in the western hemisphere with a dependency ration over 85.
a) Haiti
b) Brazil
c) Mexico
d) Guatemala
d) Guatemala
17. Even if the Gross National Product (GNP) index is used to measure the well-being of a country, it will fail to show ​​​
a) growth in secondary industries (manufacturing).
b) the distribution of wealth.
c) growth within tertiary industries (services).
d) growth within primary industries (mining, forestry, agriculture, fishing).
b) the distribution of wealth.
18. The principal structuralist alternative to Rostow's model of economic development is known as ​​​
a) the "takeoff" model.
b) the liberal model.
c) the modernization model.
d) dependency theory.
d) dependency theory.
19. The continuation of economic dependence even after political independence is referred to as ​​
a) precondition to take-off.
b) modernization model.
c) neocolonialism.
d) independence movement.
c) neocolonialism
20. Theories which hold that economic disparities are built into the global economic system are referred to as ​​​
a) structuralist theories.
b) modernization theories.
c) liberal theories.
d) neo-capitalist theories.
a) structuralist theory.
21. El Salvador abandoned its currency, the Colon, in favor of the U.S. dollar. This process is referred to as ​​​
a) re-structuration.
b) re-colonization.
c) international monetizing.
d) dollarization.
d) dollarization
22. Wallerstein's three-tier regionalization of the world includes all of the following except ​​
a) core.
b) semi-core.
c) periphery.
d) semi-periphery.
b) semi-core.
23. Countries in which tier of the world economy (region) have high birth and death rates and low life expectancy at birth?
a) post-industrial
b) core
c) semi-periphery
d) periphery
d) periphery
24. Young girls trafficked from the periphery to wealthier regions most often work as ​​​
a) domestic workers/street vendors.
b) industrial labor.
c) agricultural labor.
d) prostitutes.
a) domestic workers/street vendors.
25. Which organization is headed by a U.S. citizen, is headquartered in Washington, D.C. and is charged with combating poverty in peripheral countries?
a) IMF
b) World Bank
c) Washington Federal Savings and Loan
d) United Nations
b) World Bank
26. _________ have low levels of human development according to the Human Development Index (2005).
a) Mali and the Congo
b) Haiti and Egypt
c) Libya and India
d) Yemen and India
a) Mali and the Congo
27. According to the World Bank, ___________ had the highest external debt as a percentage of exports of goods and services for low- and middle-income in 2006.
a) Mexico
b) Chad
c) Uruguay
d) Tunisia
c) Uruguay
28. Malaria kills about ___________ children in the global periphery each month.
a) 5,000
b) 75,000
c) 100,000
d) 150,000
d) 150,000
29. In 2003, Malaria endemicity was very high in _____________.
a) Congo
b) Central Brazil
c) Egypt
d) Botswana
a) Congo
30. Argentina's severe economic crisis in 2001 was triggered by economic decisions made ​​
a) in Brazil
b) in Washington, D.C.
c) by the United Nations
d) in Spain
a) in Brazil
31. Economic development in some African states (e.g. Malawi and Zimbabwe) is hampered by ​​​
a) drought.
b) religions intolerance.
c) corrupt governments.
d) drop in the price of oil.
c) corrupt governments.
32. Most victims of malaria are
a) agricultural workers.
b) women in childbearing years.
c) the elderly.
d) children under 5
d) children under 5
33. Mexico has established export processing zones with special tax, trade and regulatory arrangements for foreign firms. This phenomena is referred to as ​​​
a) maquiladoras.
b) haciendas.
c) border cities.
d) NAFTA zones.
a) maquiladoras.
34. Subsistence forms of agriculture in peripheral areas produce little in the way of ​​​
a) protein.
b) grain crops.
c) root crops.
d) foodstuffs.
a) protein.
35. Desertification in Africa is a particular problem as ____ of the continent is arid or semiarid.
a) 2/3
b) 1/2
c) 1/3
d) 1/4
a) 2/3
36. In peripheral countries it is not unusual for hotels in tourist areas to be owned by ​​
a) worker's cooperatives.
b) local or regional governments.
c) local owner operators.
d) multinational corporations.
d) multinational corporations.
37. Many tourist areas in peripheral regions are beach resorts. In 2004 Thailand's beach resort areas were ravaged by ​​
a) cockroach infestations.
b) a tsunami.
c) prolonged drought.
d) terror attacks.
a) cockroach infestations
38. The Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the United States, with 80% unemployment and per capita income around $6,000, illustrates ______________ within a core area country.
a) cultural choices
b) peripheral processes
c) core processes
d) preconditions for takeoff stage
b) peripheral processes
39. Core area agriculture is characterized by ​​​
a) mechanization.
b) high levels of farmer education.
c) scientific agronomy.
d) all of the above
d) all of the above.
40. Establishment of government quotas on imports (e.g. cotton shirts or steel) to the U.S. has led to ​​​
a) a decrease in Chinese shirt production.
b) an increase in Chinese wages.
c) a collapse of the U.S. market for shirts.
d) a shifting of production form country to country in the periphery and semi-periphery.
d) a shifting of production to form country in the periphery and semi-periphery.
41. Governments in both core and periphery often create wealth by focusing well paid government jobs ​​​
a) in the capital city.
b) in underdeveloped areas.
c) in port cities.
d) offshore in third world countries.
a) in the capital city.
42. A look at the maps of Nigeria, Pakistan and Brazil would show that when governments established new post-colonial capitals, they moved away from ​​​
a) swamps.
b) deserts.
c) areas of ethnic discord.
d) coastal port areas.
d) coastal port areas.
43. Port Gentile, Gabon was built by ​​​​
a) an ancient Gabonese civilization.
b) British colonizers.
c) European oil companies.
d) migrants fleeing the Congo.
c) European oil companies.
44. Twenty thousand nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Bangladesh constitute what can be called ​​​
a) a parallel state.
b) colonial enclaves.
c) development islands.
d) subversive zones.
a) a parallel state.
45. Microcredit programs have been successful in many places with the exception of ​​
a) tropical regions.
b) places with high AIDS mortality rates.
c) areas with male dominance.
d) desert regions.
a) tropical regions.
46. __________ give loans to poor people, preferably women, to encourage development of small businesses.
a) NGOs
b) Micro credit programs
c) Structural adjustment loans
d) Maquiladoras
b) Micro credit programs