5th Grade Weather Words

These are words my 5th graders should know about the weather.
STUDY
PLAY
Water Cycle
the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
water storage
Ocean, Glacier, Groundwater, Lakes, Atmosphere, Rivers
Precipitation
the falling to earth of any form of water (rain or snow or hail or sleet or mist)
Snowmelt runoff to streams
surface runoff from glaciers and snow to streams
Infiltration
the movement of surface water into rock or soil through cracks and pore spaces
Groundwater discharge
locations where groundwater resurfaces
Groundwater storage
water stored underground usually in aquifers
Water storage in oceans
most of the world's water
Evaporation
the process by which water changes from liquid form to an atmospheric gas
Condensation
the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state
Water storage in the atmosphere
water being stored in places like clouds
transpiration
the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants
Surface runoff
rain, snow melt, or other water that flows in surface streams, rivers, or canals
Streamflow
Begins when water is added to the surface from rainfall or melting snow and ground water
Springs
A place where GROUNDWATER bubbles or flows OUT OF CRACKS in the rocks
Freshwater storage
storage of water in places like a lake
Sublimation
The change in state from a solid directly to a gas without passing through the liquid state
aquifer
underground bed or layer yielding ground water for wells and springs etc
water vapor
water in the form of gas molecules
anemometer
a gauge for recording the speed and direction of wind
barometer
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
weather vane
Measures wind direction
Weather ballon
a ballon released into the atmosphere that carris a package of instruments ththat records data
hydrometer
An instrument used to measure the amount of water vapor or humidity in the air.
humidity
the amount of water vapor in the air
air pressure
the pressure exerted by the atmosphere
cirrus cloud
A high-altitude cloud with a featherlike shape, made of ice crystals
stratus cloud
A flat, low-lying cloud that covers sky like a blanket; can produce rain or snow
cumulus cloud
a puffy cloud that appears to rise up from a flat bottom
cumulonimbus
huge, towering clouds with thunderstorms
warm front
the front of an advancing mass of warmer air
cold front
the front of an advancing mass of colder air
hurricane
a severe tropical cyclone usually with heavy rains and winds moving a 73-136 knots (12 on the Beaufort scale)
tornado
a localized and violently destructive windstorm occurring over land characterized by a funnel-shaped cloud extending toward the ground
weather satelite
A satellite that orbits Earth taking pictures, for example monitoring the temperature and measuring the height of waves
weather radar
radar that is able to detect clouds and precipitation
meteorologist
a specialist who studies processes in the earth's atmosphere that cause weather conditions
climate
the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time
equator
an imaginary line around the Earth forming the great circle that is equidistant from the north and south poles
latitude
an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
air mass
a body of air that has about the same temperature and moisture throughout