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25 terms

SR28 Ancient India Flashcards

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Subcontinent
a large landmass that is smaller than a continent, such as India
Karma
in Buddhism and Hinduism, the effects that good or bad actions have on a person's soul
Buddhism
a religion based on the teachings of the Buddha that developed in India in the 500s BC
Chandragupta 2
Gupta emperor, he ruled India during the height of Gupta power.
Gupta
its an empire in south America.
Monsoons
a seasonal wind pattern that causes wet and dry seasons
Jainism
an Indian religion based on the teachings of Mahavira that teaches all life is sacred
Nirvana
in Buddhism, a state of perfect peace
Metallurgy
the science of working with metals
Vaisyas
Vaisya is the third of four Hindu social categories, or varna. Traditionally the Vaisyas were traders and businessmen, or peasant farmers.
Sanskrit
the most important language of ancient India
Nonviolence
the avoidance of violent actions
Missionary
someone who works to spread religious beliefs
Alloys
a mixture of two or more metals
Caste system
the division of Indian society into groups based on rank, wealth, or occupation
Fasting
going without food for a period of time
Asoka
Ruler of the Mauryan Empire, he extended his control over most of India and promoted the spread of Buddhism.
Inoculation
injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help build up defenses to a disease
Hinduism
the main religion of India; it teaches that everything is part of a universal spirit called Brahman
Meditation
deep continued thought that focuses the mind on spiritual ideas
Chandragupta-Maurya
.. (late 300s BC) Mauryan ruler, he founded the Mauryan Empire in northern India.
Astronomy
the study of stars and planets ...
Reincarnation
a Hindu and Buddhist belief that souls are born and reborn many times, each time into a new body
The buddha
Founder of Buddhism, he was originally an Indian prince named Siddhartha Gautama. He founded the Buddhist religion after a long spiritual journey through India.
Hindu-Arabic numerals
the number system we use today; it was created by Indian scholars during the Gupta dynasty