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25 terms

AH test 3 - vocab

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Tesserae
Small pieces of ceramic, stone or glass used in mosaics
Pax Romana
Peace und roman rule
Patrician
Wealthy landowners who were the Roman nobility
Insula
Multistoried roman apartment blocks
Forum
Public square in a roman city
Diocletain
Ruler who pulled the roman empire together at the end of the 3rd century, persecuted Christians and then retired to private life
Trajan
Adoptive roman emperor who conquered Dacia, rebuilt Rome in the 2nd century--first provincial to rule Rome
Coffering
Square dugouts in an arch or a dome used to decorate and lighten the ceiling
Catacomb
Underground corridors used for burials
Transept
Part of a church that intersects the nave at right angles to form the building into the building into the symbolic shape of a cross
Galla Placidia
Woman who ruled the western roman empire from Ravenna in the 5th century
Apse
Semicircular recess at one end of a church
Icon
Holy symbolic image
Justinian
6th century Byzantine emperor who built great churches, recodified Roman laze and reconquered much of the west.
Goths
Barbarians that conquered the western roman empire in the 5th century
Qibla
Decorated mosque wall indicating the direction of Mecca
Minaret
Tower of a mosque from which the muezzin calls the faithful to prayer
Calligraphy
Ornamental writing
Iconostasis
A screen holding many images that partition the sanctuary from main part of an Orthdox church
Basilica
Rectangular Roman building used for public civic purposes and later for Christian churches
Vitruvius
Roman military engineer who wrote a famous book on the principles of architecture
Tetrachs
Four rulers who divided rule of the Empire
Cathedra
Bishop's chair
Caesar
The first emperor of Rome
Romulus
One of the mythical orphaned twins who founded Rome