How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

31 terms

history islam test

STUDY
PLAY
bedouins
arab nomads
islam
a monotheistic religion that developed in arabia in the 7th century
medina
the city that Mohammed fled to called the Hijra
622
Mohammed went with 5000 followers from mecca to medina, which was called the Hijra. this is also the year when Mohammed wanted everyone to convert to islam or else they would get killed
Mohammed
founder of islam; arab prophet
koran
bible for muslims
redacted
to put into suitable literary form
zakat
charity tax; muslims would pay the mosques because they were poor
dhimmies
Mohammed and his followers instituted this to put a tax on non believers
shi'a
the branch of islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Mohammed
damascus
the capital of Umayyad; center of islamic world in the 700's
ibn rushd
a philosopher
dome of the rock
a shrine located on the temple mount in the old city of jerusalem
abu bakr
573-634 AD; Mohammed's father in law and successor; first caliph of mecca 632-634
sufi
a member of an ascetic, mystical muslim sect
allah
god (and arabic word, used mainly in islam)
quraysh
most important family in mecca; they were responsible for Ka'ba (black box for black rock)
muslim
a follower of islam
hijrah
Mohammed's migration from mecca to medina
mosque
an islamic place of worship
hajj
a pilgrimage to mecca, performed as a duty by muslims
caliph
a supreme political and religious leader in a muslim government
al-andalus
a muslim ruled region in what is now span, established in the 8th century AD
sunni
the branch of Islam whose member acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Mohammed
baghdad
a city in and the capital of iraq, in the central part, on the tigris
calligraphy
the art of beautiful handwriting
fatimid
a member of a muslim dynasty that traced to ancestry to Mohammed's daughter fatima and that built an empire in north africa, arabia, and syria in the 10th - 12th centuries
surahs
chapters in the koran
sunna
and islamic model for living, based on the life and teaching of Mohammed
caliphate
islamic empire
mawdli
non arab islam converts; converted to islam