a monotheistic religion that developed in arabia in the 7th century
the city that Mohammed fled to called the Hijra
Mohammed went with 5000 followers from mecca to medina, which was called the Hijra. this is also the year when Mohammed wanted everyone to convert to islam or else they would get killed
founder of islam; arab prophet
to put into suitable literary form
charity tax; muslims would pay the mosques because they were poor
Mohammed and his followers instituted this to put a tax on non believers
the branch of islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Mohammed
the capital of Umayyad; center of islamic world in the 700's
dome of the rock
a shrine located on the temple mount in the old city of jerusalem
573-634 AD; Mohammed's father in law and successor; first caliph of mecca 632-634
a member of an ascetic, mystical muslim sect
god (and arabic word, used mainly in islam)
most important family in mecca; they were responsible for Ka'ba (black box for black rock)
a follower of islam
Mohammed's migration from mecca to medina
an islamic place of worship
a pilgrimage to mecca, performed as a duty by muslims
a supreme political and religious leader in a muslim government
a muslim ruled region in what is now span, established in the 8th century AD
the branch of Islam whose member acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Mohammed
a city in and the capital of iraq, in the central part, on the tigris
the art of beautiful handwriting
a member of a muslim dynasty that traced to ancestry to Mohammed's daughter fatima and that built an empire in north africa, arabia, and syria in the 10th - 12th centuries
chapters in the koran
and islamic model for living, based on the life and teaching of Mohammed
non arab islam converts; converted to islam
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