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Chapter 5 study guide quintero midterm

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All of the following are true EXCEPT that
a. civil liberties and civil rights are the same thing.
b. civil rights refer to the rights of Americans to equal protection under the law.
c. civil liberties are limitations on the government—what government cannot do.
d. civil rights specify what government must do to ensure freedom from
discrimination.
e. most minorities in this nation have suffered from discrimination.
a. civil liberties and civil rights are the same thing.
In the dred scott, v. sandford case of 1857 the supreme court held that slaves and their descendents even free were
a. required to pay income taxes.
b. only eligible to hold public office at the local level.
c. only eligible for public education at the primary level.
d. not citizens of the United States.
e. only permitted to serve on the front lines in the army.
d. not citizens of the United States.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution states that
a. neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the United States.
b. the states must alter their constitutions to end slavery by making the children of
slaves free, while allowing slavery for existing slaves.
c. all persons "will be treated as total equals from this date forward."
d. slavery would continue for twenty years, at which time it would be ended.
e. the importation of slaves shall be immediately banned, but slave owners may
keep their existing slaves.
a. neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the United States.
The Fourteenth Amendment does all of the following EXCEPT
a. proclaims that all persons born in the United States are citizens of the United
States.
b. provides that no state shall make any law that abridges the privileges or
immunities of citizens of the United States.
c. states that the right to vote shall not be denied or abridged on account of race.
d. dictates that no state shall deny any person of life, liberty, or property without due
process of law.
e. provides that no state shall deny any person equal protection of the laws.
d. dictates that no state shall deny any person of life, liberty, or property without due
process of law.
Provisions of the Fifteenth Amendment
a. outlaw slavery.
b. provide equal protection under the law.
c. make it illegal to deny housing to citizens of any race.
d. state that the right to vote shall not be abridged on account of race.
e. say that the right to vote shall not be abridged on account of gender.
d. state that the right to vote shall not be abridged on account of race.
The Reconstruction statutes, or civil rights acts, ultimately
a. did little to secure equality for African Americans.
b. created lasting equality for African Americans.
c. made it more difficult for African Americans to achieve equality.
d. resulted in more political involvement for African Americans.
e. nullified the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments.
b. created lasting equality for African Americans.
In the 1896 case plessy v. ferguson, the court states that
a. African Americans are not persons for the purposes of the Constitution.
b. the development of legal racial segregation known as Jim Crow laws was
unconstitutional.
c. schools may not practice any type of racial segregation.
d. segregation alone did not violate the Constitution.
e. the practice of slavery must cease before the end of the century.
d. segregation alone did not violate the Constitution.
The doctrine that was born of the Plessy v. Ferguson case was known as
a. equal opportunity.
b. affirmative action.
c. separate-but-equal.
d. full equality under the law.
e. equal suffrage.
c. separate-but-equal.
The ______ restricted voting to those who could prove that their grandfathers had voted before 1867.
a. continuity clause
b. grandfather clause
c. separate-but-equal doctrine
d. family values clause
e. documentation clause
b. grandfather clause
The tests commonly administered as a precondition for voting were called
a. poll tests.
b. constitutional exams.
c. literacy tests.
d. primary tests.
e. registration tests.
d. primary tests.
A poll tax was used to
a. prevent northern immigrants from moving to the South and voting in local
elections.
b. determine who was intelligent enough to vote.
c. exclude poor African Americans, as well as poor whites, from voting.
d. force individuals to buy property in order to be eligible to vote.
e. raise funds for voter registration among the minority community.
c. exclude poor African Americans, as well as poor whites, from voting.
in the case of brown v board of education of topeka (1954) the US. supreme court held that
a. ethnic minorities have no rights to equal treatment by the government.
b. segregation of races in the public schools violates the equal protection clause of
the Fourteenth Amendment.
c. the national government does not have the power to force any type of action on
local school boards.
d. separation of races for a reason such as education is not a violation of the
Constitution.
e. African Americans could not be denied the right to a college education.
b. segregation of races in the public schools violates the equal protection clause of
the Fourteenth Amendment.
De facto segregation means
a. racial segregation that occurs because of patterns of racial residence and similar
social conditions.
b. segregation based on different native languages.
c. racial segregation that occurs because of laws or administrative decisions by
public agencies.
d. segregation based on physical characteristics other than race.
e. segregation to a minor degree.
a. racial segregation that occurs because of patterns of racial residence and similar
social conditions.
De jure segregation means
a. racial segregation that occurs because of patterns of racial residence and similar
social conditions.
b. segregation based on different native languages.
c. racial segregation that occurs because of laws or administrative decisions by
public agencies.
d. segregation based on physical characteristics other than race.
e. segregation to a minor degree.
a. racial segregation that occurs because of patterns of racial residence and similar
social conditions.
In his leadership of the civil rights movement, Dr. Martin luther king jr, advocatd
a. nonviolent civil disobedience.
b. divide and conquer.
c. "equality for all, through strong force when necessary."
d. economic equality through the undermining of capitalism.
e. equality "by any means necessary."
a. nonviolent civil disobedience.
A nonviolent, public refusal to obey allegedly unjust laws is called
a. pacifism.
b. civil disobedience.
c. criminal disobedience.
d. defensible criminality.
e. taking the moral high ground.
b. civil disobedience.
______ forbade discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.
a. Plessy v. Ferguson
b. The Civil Rights Act of 1964
c. The Fourteenth Amendment
d. The Civil Rights Act of 1968
e. The Equal Opportunity Act
b. The Civil Rights Act of 1964
The legislation resulting from the Civil Rights Movement
a. only benefited African Americans.
b. has corrected economic disparities between whites and minority groups.
c. has eliminated poverty in most minority groups.
d. ultimately benefited almost all minority groups.
e. has had less of an impact on minority rights than anticipated.
b. has corrected economic disparities between whites and minority groups.
Which of the following regarding women's rights is TRUE?
a. The struggle for women's rights first began in the 1970s.
b. Women's rights were included in the Constitution.
c. Women have had to struggle for equality just like African Americans and other
minorities.
d. The first political right that women fought for was for the right to make a decision
about abortion.
e. Women's primary goal during the first phase of their struggle for equality was
ending discrimination in the workplace.
b. Women's rights were included in the Constitution.
The Equal Rights Amendment was
a. ratified by the final state and became part of the Constitution on July 13, 1981.
b. not ratified by the necessary thirty-eight states.
c. vetoed by President Ronald Reagan.
d. not approved by the Senate.
e. first introduced in Congress in 1972.
b. not ratified by the necessary thirty-eight states.
A practice, policy, or procedure that denies equality of treatment to an individual or to a group because of gender
a. is sexual harassment.
b. is gender discrimination.
c. is feminist.
d. violates the Civil Rights Act of 1968.
e. is considered illegal if engaged in by a private corporation but acceptable if
engaged in by the government.
b. is gender discrimination.
Today, most immigrants to the United States come from
a. Europe.
b. Latin America and Asia.
c. Canada.
d. Africa and the Middle East.
e. India and the Middle East.
b. Latin America and Asia.
The fertility rate is best defined as the average number of children
a. born to each family during a given year.
b. born during a specified census period.
c. women in a particular group will have during a given year.
d. women in a particular group will have over a lifetime.
e. born in relation to the average number of deaths in a given year.
d. women in a particular group will have over a lifetime.
The policy in admissions or hiring that gives special consideration to traditionally disadvantaged groups to overcome the present effects of past discrimination is known as
a. affirmative action.
b. legislative mandate.
c. civil liberties.
d. civil rights.
e. the Lincoln dilemma.
a. affirmative action.
Discrimination against individuals who are NOT members of a minority group is called
a. racial profiling.
b. reverse discrimination.
c. quota-busting.
d. anti-bias civil rights.
e. adverse minority preference.
b. reverse discrimination.
The Supreme Court ruled in the Bakke case that
a. affirmative action programs were allowable in law schools but not to be utilized in
medical schools.
b. race cannot be the sole factor in admissions decisions.
c. all affirmative action programs were ruled unconstitutional.
d. race cannot be considered as a factor at all in making admissions decisions.
e. quota systems are constitutional.
b. race cannot be the sole factor in admissions decisions.
The modern movement for gay and lesbian rights began
a. when gay veterans of World War II organized in the 1950s.
b. with the growth of the Civil Rights Movement in the early 1960s.
c. in 1969, following the Stonewall Inn incident.
d. in 1986, with a campaign against sodomy laws.
e. in 1996, with the campaign for same-sex marriage.
c. in 1969, following the Stonewall Inn incident.
The phrase "don't ask, don't tell" refers to a policy toward gay men and lesbians
a. governing their employment by the CIA and the FBI.
b. Adopted by the Hollywood industry
c. regulating when they are allowed to adopt.
d. allowing them to serve in Congress so long as they did not declare that they were gay or commit homosexual acts.
e. In September 2010 the U.S. District court judge ruled that the ban on open service was unconstitutional and issued an injunction that would prohibit its enforcement.
e. In September 2010 the U.S. District court judge ruled that the ban on open service was unconstitutional and issued an injunction that would prohibit its enforcement.