What is a drug courier profile? Why do some feel it's unfair?
help establish probable cause for arrest. its unfair to use typical age, race, personal appearance, behavior and mannerisms.
A police officer can stop an individual on the street based on _____________ and do a limited pat-down called __________.
reasonable suspicion; stop and frisk.
When can a police officer use "deadly force"?
necessary to prevent escape, poses a significant, threat of death or serious physical harm
Describe the balance between an individual's privacy and government's rights to search and seizure
People can't just go through your stuff without a search warrant
not mean that the defendant cannot be tried or convicted, but evidence seized in an unlawful search can't be used in trial
What is a search warrant?
court order that states specific place to be searched and the particular items to be seized
searches without warrants can be made when:
-search in a lawful arrest
-stop and frisk
-borders and airports
When and where are suspicion-less searches usually conducted?
Border search, highway sobriety checkpoints, drug/alcohol tests.
inappropriate use of race as a factor in identifying people who may have broken the law.
How does the Constitution protect people from self-incrimination?
they have the right to remain silent
What happened as a result of the Miranda vs. Arizonia?
Police are required to inform people taken into custody of their rights