Adventure Education midterm questions

The recognized founder of the modern adventure education movement?
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Terms in this set (48)
Formingwhen people first come together and recognize themselves as a groupStormingthe process by which members negotiate their individual expectations in relationship to the group.Normingallows group to agree upon certain rules that will help facilitate group successPerformingwhen the group functions as a unit in the accomplishment of a taskAdjourningthe stage of closure and separation where the group ceases to function as a unit.According to Johnson and Johnson what are the five leadership issues that all effective leaders must grapple with?1) Challenging the status quo (i.e. making change) 2) Inspiring a mutual vision 3) Empowering members through cooperative teamwork 4) Leading by example 5) Encouraging members to keep developing their personal expertiseWhat is the difference between philosophy and theory?the difference between philosophy and theory is that philosophy can inform us about issues related to values and beliefs regarding a subject while theories help us understand how and why something happened.How are the definitions of "Adventure Education" and "Experiential Education" differentthe difference is the less active mode of experiential education compared to adventure education, which is more active and has inherent danger, risk, and uncertainty.Other than becoming increasingly international, name and describe 2 other trends in Adventure Education.Interdisciplinary Applications: Adventure education is becoming an increasingly serious topic in fields of psychology and education. It is being used in an in interdisciplinary way in education at all levels. Also, organizational development and training courses increasingly incorporate adventure and experiential techniques. Government Recognition: Various governments at all levels are increasingly recognizing adventure education with laws or policies regulating or encouraging its establishmentWhy are facilities-based adventure education programs growing faster than wilderness-based adventure education programs? Provide 3 reasons.Overall, the relative cost of providing the same outcomes, or nearly the same outcomes, is relatively more expensive. Three specific reasons: 1) Requires centralized sites that users must travel to 2) Costly to manage and maintain wilderness settings 3) Cost Is increasingly expensive per individual userName 3 of the oldest and most influential organizations in adventure education todayOutward Bound YMCA Student Conservation AssociationWho is considered the father of experiential education?John DeweyWho stated the "having wonderful ideas is the essence of intellectual development...wonderful ideas are built on other wonderful ideas"Eleanor DuckworthWho felt that while the traditional classroom may provide experiences, they are "largely the wrong kind" and students may thus lose their desire to learn?John DeweyWho created the four phase "experiential learning cycle" from concrete experience to active experimentation?David KolbOf the three zones, or states of mind, where individuals exist, which zone is often referred to as the "growth" zone?Stretch zoneChallenge by choice?Individuals choose when to participate and in what wayThe purpose of behavioral contracts in adventure learning programs is toCreate an environment of shared responsibility for the maintenance of safe and respectful behavioral normsThe adventure wave includesBriefing Doing DebriefingAn inherent risk isAn integral part that is essential to the nature of an activityPhysical and emotional risksAre associated with adventure programs and cannot be uncoupled from one anotherThe appropriate risk management treatment for a risk that is high in severity and frequency is toEliminate the activity as part of the programType of risk that is an emotional reaction determined by the life experiences and present circumstances of the participant?Perceived riskHas the common goal of teaching virtue and each of their perspectives was somehow linked to the notion of warPlato Socrates James HahnBased on Ewert's benefits of Outdoor Adventure improved self-efficacy, and/or self-actualization would fall into the benefit category of?PsychologicalPositive identityFeelings of self-esteem, worth, optimismSocial skillsGroup bonding, cooperation, teamworkPhysical and thinking skillsPsychomotor, technical skills and knowledgePositive values and spiritualityOur own worth, belonging, sense of placeFour elements of negligence:duty owed breach of duty Proximate cause (a causal connection between injury/damages and breach of duty) DamagesGRABBSS assessment toolGoals Readiness Affect Behavior Body Setting StageGoalsHow does the activity relate to the goals of the group and of the program?ReadinessIs the group ready to do this activity?AffectWhat is the feeling, or affect, of the group?BehaviorHow is the group acting? Agreeable or disruptive? How do they interact with each other?BodyIs the group physically ready for this activity?SettingWhat is the setting for the lesson or experience?StageAt what stage of group development is the group class?