the policy of building up armed forces in aggressive preparedness for war and their use as a tool of diplomacy
the group of nations - originally consisting of Great Britain, France, and Russia and later joined by the United States, Italy, and others - that opposed the Central Powers
the group of nations - led by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire - that opposed the Allies in World War I
military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than on an open battlefield.
a message sent in 1917 by the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance and promising to help Mexico regain Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona if the United States entered World War I
famous fighter pilot of World War I, was well known as a racecar driver before the war.
the protection of merchant ships from U-boat - German submarine - attacks by having the ships travel in large groups escorted by warships
American Expeditionary Force
the U.S. forces, led by General John Pershing, who fought with the Allies in Europe during World War I
sought exemption as a conscientious objector pointing out that the Bible says, "Thou shalt not kill". He eventually decided that it was morally acceptable to fight if the cause was just. He is one of America's greatest war heroes
War Industries Board
an agency established during World War I to increase efficiency and discourage waste in war-related industries
Espionage and Sedition Acts
two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in World War I
the large-scale movement of African Americans from the South to Northern cities in the early 20th century
the principles making up President Woodrow Wilson's plan for world peace following World War I
League of Nations
an association of nations established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace
the French premier, that had lived through two German invasions of France and was determined to prevent future invasions
Treaty of Versailles
the 1919 peace treaty at the end of World War I which established new nations, borders, and war reparations
the compensation paid by a defeated nation for the damage or injury it inflicted during a war
a provision in the Treaty of Versailles by which Germany acknowledged that it alone was responsible for World War I
Henry Cabot Lodge
led conservative senators that were suspicious of the provision for joint economic and military action against aggression. They wanted the constitutional right of Congress to declare war included int eh treaty.
German continually violate international laws of war by
targeting passenger commercial ships without warning
Why did the Germans target commercial ships?
Because it was carrying "contraband" 4200 cases of ammunition
When did the first large unit of trained Americans arrive just in time for the second battle of the Marne River?
What was the Battle of Sedan?
Americans slipped 50 miles behind German lines to cut the railroad which supplied the German Front.
More than 1 million Americans took part in the Battle of the Argomene Front, smashing through German defenses.