Morality Chapter 1 Section 2
Terms in this set (21)
the order in creation that reflects God's will and purpose; it is eternal because it is always true and never changes. All other types of law have their basis in eternal law and are only true if they reflect the truth of eternal law
is established by God and is a rational expression of eternal law. reflects God's wisdom; it is the teaching that leads us to the blessed life he wants for us
the moral law that can be understood through the use of reason. it is our God-given ability to understand what it means to be in a right relationship with God, other people, the world. and ourselves
Divine Law revealed in the Old Testament, summarized in the Ten Commandments. Also called the Law of Moses. It contracts with the New Law of the Gospels
A Greek word meaning "five books", referring to the first five books of the Old Testament
a popular summary, usually in book form, of Catholic doctrine about faith and morals and commonly intended for use within formal programs of catechesis
Divine Law revealed in the New Testament through life and teaching of the Apostles. perfects the Old Law and brings it to fulfillment. also, called the Law of Love
Jesus' summary of the entire divine Law as the love of God and the love of neighbor
Precepts of the Church
Sometimes called the commandments of the church; these are basic obligations for all Catholics that are directed by the laws of the Church
the name given to the official body of laws that provide good order in the visible body of the church
the church living teaching office, which consist of all bishops, in communion with the Pope
the gift of the Holy Spirit to the whole Church by which the leaders of the Church- the Pope and bishops in union with him- are protected from fundamental error when formulating a specific teaching on a matter of faith and morals
Why is every person obligated to follow moral law?
everyone is obligated to follow moral law through the gift of our conscious. God's moral law prevents us from falling to evil and helps us to for good. If we listen to our conscious and follow moral law, we will live in loving communion with god now and forever.
Name the five different types of expressions of moral law.
1. natural moral law
2. moral law revealed in the Old Testament
3. moral law revealed by Christ in the New Testament
4. the precepts of the Church
5. cannon law
why is natural moral law important?
natural moral law is important because each of us is born with the natural moral law stamped on our hearts, we all have a natural orientation to live a moral life. A person does not have to be Christian to live a life pleasing to God.
1. I am the Lord your God, you shall have no strange gods before me
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain
3. remember to keep holy the Lord's day
4. Honor your father and mother
5. you shall not kill
6. you shall not commit adultery
7. you shall not steal
8. you shall not bear false witnesses against your neighbor
9. you shall not covet your neighbor's wife
10. you shall not covet your neighbor's goods
precept of the Church
1. you shall attend Mass on Sundays and holy days of obligation.
Observe the Sabbath as a day of rest
2. Receive Holy Communion often you shall confess your sins at least once a year. Receive Holy Communion at least once during Easter season.
3. study in preparation of Confirmation, be confirmed, continue to study your faith tradition
4. observe the marriage laws, give religious training to your children by example and word, use parish schools and catechetical programs
5. support the Church, your parish, parish priests, the worldwide Church and the Pope
6. To do penance, including abstaining from meat and fasting on appointed days
7. Join the missionary spirit and apostolate of the Church
What law do the 10 commandments summerize? What is another word for the 10 commandments?
the 10 commandments summerize the moral law. another word is decalogue
why is the new law called "new"?
It is called the new law because Jesus a new law which fulfilled and completed the Old Law. He taught the core of the new law on the sermount on the mount. Jesus taught the new law on the mountain as part of the New covenant.
: it is always true and never changes