7th grade Civics EOC Florida - Constitution
Terms in this set (52)
when farmers rebelled because they were in debt after the American Revolution
part of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to stretch out its powers to do what is needed
English philosopher who believed that people have a natural right to life, liberty and the pursuit of property
freedoms (described by John Locke) that people possess relating to life, liberty, and property
French philosopher who explained the importance of the separation of powers
when you give evidence that may get you arrested or convicted of a crime
pamphlet written before the American Revolution that inspired the 13 colonies to declare their independence
part of the Constitution which describes the executive branch.
part of the Constitution which describes the judicial branch.
part of the Constitution which describes the legislative branch.
part of the Constitution which describes how the Constitution can be ratified or approved.
part of the Constitution which says that citizens of the states are also US citizens, and how new states can be made.
part of the Constitution which describes Amendments.
part of the Constitution which says that it is the highest law of the land (or the supremacy clause)
powers that Congress has that are not stated explicitly in the Constitution
powers granted directly to the national government by the Constitution; another name for expressed powers
powers shared by the state and federal governments
powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government and that are kept by the states
rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
putting someone on trial for a crime for which he or she was previously found not guilty
rights guaranteed in the constitution
rule by a few people, usually the rich
strong reasons to think that a person was involved in a crime
the ability of a nation to rule itself
the author of Common Sense, which helped convince the 13 colonies to declare independence from Great Britain.
the clause in Article VI of the Constitution that makes federal laws prevail over state laws when there is a conflict
Articles of Confederation
the first constitution of the United States. It was replaced with the US Constitution.
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments to the Constitution which include many of the most important rights
the men that wrote the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution
the national government AKA the central government which rules over the entire country
the opening section of the Constitution
trial by a jury of one's peers
the right of every citizen to be judged in a court by a jury made of people similar to them.
equality under the law
the right of every citizen to be treated as equal to every other citizen (and not be discriminated against) in the law.
the right of government to take private property for public use
Rights of the Accused
the rights which protect individuals accused of crimes, including the right to have their Miranda rights read to them, the right to have searches and seizures to be based on probable cause, the right to a lawyer, to right to speedy trial, the right against self-incrimination, and the right against double jeopardy. Miranda, Searches, Lawyer, Speedy Trial, Self-Incrimination, Double Jeopardy.
separation of powers
when the powers of governments are divided among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
those who opposed ratification of the Constitution
Declaration of Independence
written document which declared that the 13 colonies are independent of Great Britain
the principle that a ruler or a government is not all-powerful; a government that can do only what the people allow it to do
a court order allowing law-enforcement officers to search a suspect's home or business and take specific items as evidence
writ of habeas corpus
a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why the person is being held
a cultural movement in Europe during the 1600s in which people believed that they could use reason to figure out how the world works.
a document including a list of rules that was written and signed by Pilgrims on the Mayflower ship. It gave them the first plan for self-government in the colonies.
a document written in 1215 that limited the power of the English king, which the nobles forced the king to sign. It gave nobles the right to consent to taxes, equality under the law, the right to trial by peers, and right to rebel.
English Bill of Rights
a document written in 1688 that ensured the rights of English citizens, including the right to a fair trial and to consent to taxes.
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
Bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
a series of essays written to defend the Constitution
agreement made during Constitutional Convention which said that each slave would only count as three-fifths of a person in determining representation in Congress
agreement made during Constitutional Convention which made the legislative branch with two houses: the Senate which had equal representation and the House of Representatives which had proportional representation. AKA the Sherman Plan.
New Jersey Plan
plan proposed during Constitutional Convention which would have made a legislative branch in which every state (big and small) had an EQUAL number of members.
plan proposed during Constitutional Convention which would have made a legislative branch in which the number of members was based on population (PROPORTIONAL representation. This would give more power to larger states.
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