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a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex


Carrying inward to a central organ or section, as nerves that conduct impulses from the periphery of the body to the brain or spinal cord; transmitting impulses from sense organs to nerve centers#


an abnormal concretion usually composed of mineral salts, occurring in the hollow body organs; a "stone," as a calculus in the kidney (pl: calculi); deposit on the teeth (tartar).


a means for conducting something, particularly a tube, pipe, or passageway for a fluid.


outer layer of the kidney, the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal


extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, noninvasive test used to pulverize urinary or bile stones

Gerota's fascia

another term for the renal fascia; the kidney is covered by the renal capsule, perirenal fat, this structure and pararenal fat

Gibson incision

A surgical incision that begins medial to the anterosuperior iliac spine and curves downward and medially, to slightly above the symphysis pubis; specifically designed for access to the lower portion of the ureter.


(anatomy) a depression or fissure where vessels or nerves or ducts enter a bodily organ, indented opening in the kidney where vessels enter and leave


Excessive growth of body hair in females


abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ due to increase in cell size


an abnormal condition in males in which the urethra opens on the under surface of the penis


inability to control bladder and/or bowels

Intravenous urogram (IVU)

x-rays of the urinary tract taken after an iodine contrast medium is injected into the bloodstream; the contrast passes through the kidney and may reveal an obstruction, evidence of trauma, etc.


the inner part of an organ or structure in plant or animal, inner part of the kidney


a fold of skin covering the tip of the penis and clitoris.


pertaining to behind the peritoneum


a mouth or mouthlike opening (especially one created by surgery on the surface of the body to create an opening to an internal organ)

suprarenal glands

located on top of each kidney, the adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones and the adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine


twisting of an organ or structure that may cause local ischemia and necrosis


transurethral resection of the prostate, removal of significant amounts of prostate tissue (as in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia)


urinary tract infection

vesical trigone

An important anatomical landmark of the bladder formed by the two urethral openings at the posterolateral angles, and the urethral opening at the inferior angle.

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