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54 terms

Communication Theory Test 1

STUDY
PLAY
symbolic interactionism
societies create individuals who acquire minds and selves by symbolically interacting with others
mind
ability to use symbols that have common social meanings
self
ability to reflect ourselves from the perspective of others
self fulfilling prophecy
individuals live up to the labels others impose on them
I
the part of the self that is an acting subject; impulsive, creative, spontaneous and generally unburdened by social rules and restrictions
me
socially conscious part of self; analytical, evaluative, aware of social conventions, rules, and expectations
particular others
individuals who are important to us
role taking
process of internalizing other's perspectives and viewing experiences from perspectives
generalized others
viewpoint of a social group, community, or society as a whole; rules, roles, and attitudes shared by members of a society
dramatism
life is a drama and can be understood in dramatic terms; involves conflict and division that threatens some existing form or order
identification
recognize that all things have substance; the general nature or essence of a thing
consubstantiality
identification with each other
guilt
any tension, discomfort, sense of shame, or other unpleasant feeling that humans experience
hierarchy
create division among people and division causes guilt
perfection
our symbols allow us to conceive and name perfect forms or ideals top of hierarchy and guilt arises from the gap between the case and perfection
the negative
moral capacity to say no; ability to name the negative, which is the basis moral judgement and guilt comes from disobeying the rule
mortification
confessing feelings and asking for forgiveness
victimage
identifying an external source for some apparent failing or sin
scapegoating
placing sin on another to cleanse one of sin
narrative theory
humans by nature are storytelling beings and that narrative capacity is the most basic and most distinct for humans
narrative rationality
judgement of the quality of narratives according to coherence and fidelity
coherence
pieces of story fitting together
internal coherence
if the storyteller told us all of the important details so the outcome is believable
fidelity
extent to which story resonates with listeners
dramaturgical model
likens ordinary social interaction to theatrical performance
frames
models we rely on to make sense of experience
impression management
process of managing setting, words, nonverbal communication, and dress in an effort to create a particular image of individuals and situations
performance ethnography
attempts to understand how symbolic behaviors actually perform cultural values and personal identities
ethnography
method of interpreting actions in a manner that generates understanding in terms of those performing actions
thick description
ethnographer develops the ability to represent cultural practices from the point of view of people who are native to the culture
thin description
give a shallow description of activities
near experience
those have significance to members of a particular culture or social community
distance experience
those that have meaning to people outside of that particular culture
personal narrative
telling a story about experience, identity, and so forth
performativity
extent to which performance realizes identities and experiences
technological determinism
technology (specifically media) decisively shapes how individuals think, feel, and act, and how societies organize themselves and operate
tribal epoch
oral tradition/ face to face interaction
literate epoch
common symbols allowed people to communicate without face to face
print epoch
printing press helped mass produce written materials and were not only for the elite anymore
electronic epoch
revived oral tradition and preeminence of hearing and touch
hot media
person doesn't need a lot of information to understand the message
cool media
demand involvement from individuals
cultivation theory
television cultivates or promotes a view of social reality that is inaccurate but that viewers nonetheless assume reflects real life
cultivation
cumulative process by which television fosters beliefs about social reality
mainstreaming
television ability to stabilize and homogenize views within a society
resonance
the extent to which something is congruent with personal experience
gender
socially created system of values, identities, and activities for men and women
patriarchy
values, institutions, and practices that reflect the experience, values, and interests of men as a group and protect their privileges while dismissing experiences, values, and interests of women as a group
patriarchal universe of discourse
set of language conventions that reflect a particular definition of reality/ at any moment in the life of a culture shapes the understandings of all who participate in that universe of discourse.
inclusion stage
scholars attempt to increase awareness of women's contributions, experiences, values, and mode and to raise awareness about inequality between men and women
revisionist stage
feminists scholars might attempt to broaden views of significant communication
masculine bias
set of biases that favor masculine perspectives and experiences
muted language/muted experience
when words and their meanings do not reflect the experiences of some groups, members of the groups are constrained in their ability to express themselves
ideological domination
competing ideologies (ways of understanding reality_