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American History 2nd-9 wks class notes
Study Guide Question: #1 = 1 #7 = 27 - 41 #2 = 2 - 4 #8 = 42 - 46 #3 = 5 - 7 #9 = 47 - 49 #4 = 8 - 18 #10 = 50 #5 = 19 - 20 #11 = 51 - 55 # 6 = 21 - 26 #12 = 56
Terms in this set (56)
Who is fighting for freedom in the American Revolution?
1) colonists from the English
2) blacks from slavery
Who is fighting against each other in this Civil War? (Not colonies v. Eng)
1) Colonist v. Colonists
2) Whigs v. Tories
Who were the Whigs?
Who were the Tories?
Describe the nature of colonial Am. society.
1) Society had differences, variety
b) different economies
2) Nothing tied the colonies together except
the fact that they were part of Eng.
Describe slavery in colonial Am. society.
1) South: owned more slaves b/c of BIG PLANTATIONS
2) New England had fewer b/c of VERY SMALL FARMS
Describe economies in colonial Am. society.
Regions grew economy by growing or making different things
SOUTH grew TOBACCO
NEW ENGLAND built SHIPS
Describe what things the colonies had in common.
They had few things in common:
1) largely rural, agricultural society
2) politically similar
What colony did NOT grow crops for profit?
Did industry, factories, or mass production exist at this time?
NO true industry, NO factories, NO mass production
How was the structure of political government similar in the colonies?
Each colony had:
1) GOVERNOR appt. by the king
2) Governor had a council to advise him --
3) LEGISLATIVE made laws
What did the political body called the legislative do?
Who elected the legislature?
males who owned land
Did each colony feel attached to Great Britain?
Who protected the colonists from the French & the Indians?
What part of the military helped Great BritaIn protect the colonists from the French & the Indians?
The Navy was a BIG part of the protection.
Where were 1/3 of British ships built?
America (New England)
Great Britain encouraged ___________, & protected ships going to __________.
Which colonial region built ships?
What colonial region grew tobacco?
Who made up the "world" at this time?
1) Corporate Society
2) Hierarchy Society
Corporate Society is like what in our society?
a corporation -- a big company
What did Corporate Society believe?
That everyone should work together for the good of the whole group ( like a corporation today -- big company)
Hierarchy Society is set up like a _______.
Name the 2 parts of the body in the Hierarchy Society & what they represent.
HEAD/BRAIN - the leader
REST OF THE BODY - those who follow the leader & trust him to make decisions
What is the analogy used for the Paternalistic Society & what do they represent?
PATERNALISM - means father-like
FATHER - leader
CHILDREN - people who trust the leader (father) to take care of them
List the origins of the Revolutionary War
Acronym: HIRED + W
1) H - Hierarchy Society begins to change
2) I -Immigration - diff. nationalities --->
3) R - Religion - diff. denominations form
& separate from original
4) E - Economics -
a) debt -colonies pd. more for
finished goods than they collected
for selling raw materials
5) D -Density of Population - more babies
survived, less land to own/inherit
6) War Debt - colonies were taxed in order
to help paying for the war debt
3 ways the Hierarchy Society started to break down
1) Paternalism breaks down
** colonists began to distrust leaders
2) Hierarchy Society breaks down
** Felt like leaders were not making
good decisions for the entire group
3) Corporate Society breaks down
** farmers wanted to own their land &
become independent of the group
What was the idea of corporate society?
individuals work for the good of the entire group (society)
****How did the change in hierarchy go against the idea of corporate society?
1) Did NOT want to own lots of land.
2) Just WANTED to live COMFORTABLY
& wanted to pass land on to family
3) new thinking went AGAINST equality
4) went against working for the good of the
What was the population in 1760?
2 1/2 million people
What did land ownership mean to the colonists?
In 1760s, was it hard to hold LARGE tracks of land?
Who inherited land in England?
Who inherited land in America?
every male in the family
What was the problem with inheritance of land in America?
*every male in the family inherited land, & too many babies survived when born which meant that there was less land to own/inherit
Who were some of the different nationalities coming to the colonies?
What was the conflict/problem w/ different nationalities coming together?
conflict came from people w/ different beliefs, ideas, & views coming together for the first time.
Name 2 different denominations of religion that formed?
Baptist & Methodists
Religious groups began to separate themselves from which church?
original Protestant church
NOT the Catholic Church or the Church of England
What were 2 problems with King George III wanting to tax the colonies for helping to pay for the French Indian War?
1)colonists had never been taxed before
2)Colonists were financially dependent on
GB & did not like losing their freedom
List & describe the GOVERNMENTAL problems that Great Britain faced prior to the revolution.
1) Political Instability
* King George III of Germany becomes king
* He changes things in gov't & how GB was
to deal w/ the colonists
2) End of French & Indian War
*Eng. & colonists are taxed to pay for
*colonists are taxed to pay for troops
Were English landowners upset b/c they were taxed to pay for the French Indian war?
Did English landowners want the colonists taxed & made to help pay for the war?
What was the issue KEY in taxing colonists for the French Indian War?
1) Colonists had never been taxed before.
2) Brits wanted colonists to help pay for the war.
How much of the war did the colonists pay & the Brits pay?
Each pd. 1/2 the cost of the war
List & describe GENERAL / SOCIAL problems going on in the colonies prior to the revolution.
1) Too many different colonial gov'ts.
* some wanted to help GB w/taxes,
others did not
*no cooperation between colonies
2) Smuggling occurred to avoid taxes
*custom courts charged more than
*b/c of smuggling, courts made no $
*GB started to prosecute smugglers
3) Sugar Act
4) Colonists saw taxation as wrong
How did the Sugar Act of 1764 stop smuggling.
The tax on imports was REDUCED & ENFORCED.
Smugglers were forced to pay the tax b/c the cost of the tax was less than the cost to smuggle.
*****What brought about the American Revolution?
1) Social Problems in America
2) Governmental problems w/ GB
Describe the colonies before & after the 1760s
Before 1760s After 1760s
1) Corporate Society 1) Individualism
2) Cooperation 2) Competition
3)Community Property 3)Private Property
4)Leaders trusted to 4) Leaders not trusted
make decisions *people wanted
(hierarchy) to make their
What were the LONG-RANGE economic problems in the colonies leading up to the revolution?
DEBT -colonies pd. more for finished goods than they collected for selling raw materials
What did colonies export?
Where raw materials exported by colonies cheap or expensive?
What did colonies import?
Did the colonists pay a good price for their imports (finished products)?
No, they paid too much
List & describe SHORT-TERM economic problems in the colonies leading to the revolution.
post-war depression (economic bust)
During French Indian War, English troops bought goods from the colonists
After the war, English troops left. Loss of profit: no one buying goods
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