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5th Grade Science FSA Vocabulary
5th Grade SSA Science Words - Words taken directly from the SSA Science Test Specs.
Terms in this set (100)
A characteristic of an organism that increases its chance of survival in its environment.
Populations of different species of organisms living together in the same geographic area.
Type of insect development characterized by the presence of a larval stage with different feeding habits.
A statement that tells what an investigation showed, based on observations and data.
The process by which water is changed from a gas (water vapor) to a liquid; a stage of the water cycle.
The process of changing from a gas (i.e. water vapor) to a liquid (i.e. dew); the act of making more dense or compact
To transmit heat, sound, or electricity through a medium.
An organism in a food chain that obtains nutrients from producers or other consumers; consumers may be herbivores or carnivores.
A group in a scientific experiment that serves as a reference for comparison to the experimental group; a group that is untreated by the factor being tested.
Measurements or observations collected and recorded in an experiment or investigation.
All the living and nonliving things that interact with each other in an environment.
A species whose population is so small that it is in danger of extinction.
An area that includes all living organisms and the surrounding physical features such as air, water, soil, weather, and landforms.
The process by which rock, soil, and other weathered earth materials are moved from one place to another.
The process by which water is changed from a liquid to a gas (water vapor); a stage of the water cycle.
A scientific test or procedure that is carried out under controlled conditions to answer a scientific question.
A species that no longer exists.
The process by which the female reproductive cell (egg) is united with the male reproductive cell (sperm).
A diagram representing the transfer of energy from the Sun through producers and a series of consumers.
A push or a pull that one object exerts on another object with or without direct contact
A force that opposes motion through direct contact.
A large collection of stars, gases, and dust that are part of the universe bound together by gravitational forces.
The process by which plants begin to grow from a seed or a spore.
The force of attraction between any two objects.
A property of a mineral that describes how easily it can be scratched.
Half of Earth (i.e., Northern, Southern, Eastern, Western).
An animal that obtains nutrients only from plants.
A measure of the amount of water vapor in the air.
A type of rock that forms from cooled magma or lava.
Type of insect development characterized by the similar appearance of pre-adults and adults.
An explanation based on evidence that is not directly observed.
A trait or characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring.
A material used to reduce or prevent the transfer of electricity, heat, or sound.
An animal that lacks a backbone.
An organized scientific study of the natural world that may include making systematic observations, asking questions, gathering information, analyzing data, summarizing results, drawing conclusions, and/or communicating results.
The energy possessed by a body because of its motion.
An early stage in the life cycle of an organism that will undergo complete metamorphosis.
The stages of an organism's growth and development.
A property of a mineral that describes how it appears when it reflects light.
The amount of matter a substance or object has.
Anything that takes up space and has mass.
A type of energy an object has due to its motion or position.
A type of rock that is formed over time from existing rock due to extreme pressure and/or heat.
A naturally occurring inorganic solid with a distinct chemical composition and crystalline structure.
The product of a thorough blending of two or more substances, not chemically combined
A natural object that orbits a planet.
A substance that an organism needs to survive and grow.
A pre-adult insect undergoing incomplete metamorphosis.
Information about the natural world gathered through the senses and/or scientific instruments.
An organism that obtains nutrients from both plants and animals.
A living thing.
The female reproductive organ that produces and contains egg cells.
A chemical process by which plants trap light energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates
A change of a substance from one form to another without a change in its chemical properties.
The female reproductive structure of a flowering plant.
The relative frequency (high or low) of a sound as perceived by a listener.
A large body in space that orbits a star and does not produce its own light.
A climate zone characterized by very little precipitation and extremely cold temperatures.
The fine dust-like powder that contains the male reproductive cells of seed-bearing plants.
To transfer the pollen from the male reproductive structure to the female reproductive structure to fertilize flowering plants.
All members of the same species living together at the same time in the same area.
The energy an object has because of its position or structure; stored energy.
A form of water (e.g., hail, rain, sleet, snow) that condenses in the atmosphere and falls to Earth's surface.
An organism that kills and eats other organisms (prey).
To state what one thinks will happen under certain conditions based on data or observation.
An organism that is killed and/or eaten by another organism (predator).
An organism that produces its own food.
A stage in the life cycle of an insect that occurs between larva and adult.
To bounce light, sound, or heat off of a surface.
To force away or apart.
The process of making more organisms of the same kind.
The motion of one object around another object.
The turning of an object on its axis.
A plan of inquiry that uses science process skills as tools to gather, organize, analyze, and communicate information.
A type of rock formed from layers of sediment.
The loose top layer of Earth's surface made of weathered rock and organic matter.
A system of planets and other bodies that orbits a star.
A group of the same kind of organisms that can mate and produce offspring that can reproduce.
The distance traveled by an object in a given amount of time.
A seed-like structure that produces a new plant (e.g., ferns or mosses).
The male reproductive structure of a flowering plant.
A large object in space that is made of gas and produces its own light
state of matter
The form matter can take (e.g., solid, liquid, gas).
The color of the powder of a mineral when it is rubbed on a streak plate.
The use of scientific knowledge and processes to solve practical problems.
A climate zone located between the tropics and the polar circles generally characterized by moderate temperatures rather than extremely hot or cold temperatures.
A term used to describe a question that can be answered through an experiment or observation.
A physical property of a solid used to describe its surface.
Multiple sets of measurements or observations in a scientific investigation.
A climate zone near the equator characterized by warm temperatures.
Forces that are unequal in size and may or may not be opposite in direction.
A term used to describe the certainty of data or results of an investigation or experiment.
An event, condition, or factor that can be changed or controlled in order to study or test a hypothesis in a scientific experiment.
An animal that has a backbone.
The amount of space an object or substance occupies.
The continuous movement of water through the environment by evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff.
The gas state of water.
The condition of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
The process by which rocks and other surfaces are broken down.
A measure of the force of gravity on an object.
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