Terms in this set (50)
An organization does not have adequate resources to administer its large infrastructure. A security administrator wishes to combine the security controls of some of the network devices in the organization. Which of the following methods would BEST accomplish this goal?
A. Unified Threat Management
B. Virtual Private Network
C. Single sign on
D. Role-based management
Which of the following would allow the organization to divide a Class C IP address range into several ranges?
B. Virtual LANs
The security administrator is currently unaware of an incident that occurred a week ago. Which of the following will ensure the administrator is notified in a timely manner in the future?
A. User permissions reviews
B. Incident response team
C. Change management
D. Routine auditing
An access point has been configured for AES encryption but a client is unable to connect to it.
Which of the following should be configured on the client to fix this issue?
The system administrator is tasked with changing the administrator password across all 2000 computers in the organization. Which of the following should the system administrator implement to accomplish this task?
A. A security group
B. A group policy
C. Key escrow
D. Certificate revocation
A network administrator wants to block both DNS requests and zone transfers coming from outside IP addresses. The company uses a firewall which implements an implicit allow and is currently configured with the following ACL applied to its external interfacE.
PERMIT TCP ANY ANY 80
PERMIT TCP ANY ANY 443
Which of the following rules would accomplish this task? (Select TWO).
A. Change the firewall default settings so that it implements an implicit deny
B. Apply the current ACL to all interfaces of the firewall
C. Remove the current ACL
D. Add the following ACL at the top of the current ACL
DENY TCP ANY ANY 53
E. Add the following ACL at the bottom of the current ACL
DENY ICMP ANY ANY 53
F. Add the following ACL at the bottom of the current ACL
DENY IP ANY ANY 53
Which of the following attacks would cause all mobile devices to lose their association with corporate access points while the attack is underway?
A. Wireless jamming
B. Evil twin
C. Rogue AP
D. Packet sniffing
An administrator wants to ensure that the reclaimed space of a hard drive has been sanitized while the computer is in use. Which of the following can be implemented?
A. Cluster tip wiping
B. Individual file encryption
C. Full disk encryption
D. Storage retention
A company is looking to improve their security posture by addressing risks uncovered by a recent penetration test. Which of the following risks is MOST likely to affect the business on a day-to-day basis?
A. Insufficient encryption methods
B. Large scale natural disasters
C. Corporate espionage
D. Lack of antivirus software
Ann, an employee, is cleaning out her desk and disposes of paperwork containing confidential customer information in a recycle bin without shredding it first. This is MOST likely to increase the risk of loss from which of the following attacks?
A. Shoulder surfing
B. Dumpster diving
A recently installed application update caused a vital application to crash during the middle of the workday. The application remained down until a previous version could be reinstalled on the server, and this resulted in a significant loss of data and revenue.
Which of the following could BEST prevent this issue from occurring again?
A. Application configuration baselines
B. Application hardening
C. Application access controls
D. Application patch management
A security administrator wishes to increase the security of the wireless network. Which of the following BEST addresses this concern?
A. Change the encryption from TKIP-based to CCMP-based.
B. Set all nearby access points to operate on the same channel.
C. Configure the access point to use WEP instead of WPA2.
D. Enable all access points to broadcast their SSIDs.
The system administrator has deployed updated security controls for the network to limit risk of attack. The security manager is concerned that controls continue to function as intended to maintain appropriate security posture.
Which of the following risk mitigation strategies is MOST important to the security manager?
A. User permissions
B. Policy enforcement
C. Routine audits
D. Change management
A company is about to release a very large patch to its customers. An administrator is required to test patch installations several times prior to distributing them to customer PCs.
Which of the following should the administrator use to test the patching process quickly and often?
A. Create an incremental backup of an unpatched PC
B. Create an image of a patched PC and replicate it to servers
C. Create a full disk image to restore after each installation
D. Create a virtualized sandbox and utilize snapshots
An auditing team has found that passwords do not meet best business practices. Which of the following will MOST increase the security of the passwords? (Select TWO).
A. Password Complexity
B. Password Expiration
C. Password Age
D. Password Length
E. Password History
A vulnerability scan is reporting that patches are missing on a server. After a review, it is determined that the application requiring the patch does not exist on the operating system.
Which of the following describes this cause?
A. Application hardening
B. False positive
C. Baseline code review
D. False negative
Company A submitted a bid on a contract to do work for Company B via email. Company B was insistent that the bid did not come from Company A. Which of the following would have assured that the bid was submitted by Company A?
D. Digital Signatures
Ann, a sales manager, successfully connected her company-issued smartphone to the wireless network in her office without supplying a username/password combination. Upon disconnecting from the wireless network, she attempted to connect her personal tablet computer to the same wireless network and could not connect.
Which of the following is MOST likely the reason?
A. The company wireless is using a MAC filter.
B. The company wireless has SSID broadcast disabled.
C. The company wireless is using WEP.
D. The company wireless is using WPA2.
A network technician is on the phone with the system administration team. Power to the server room was lost and servers need to be restarted. The DNS services must be the first to be restarted. Several machines are powered off. Assuming each server only provides one service, which of the following should be powered on FIRST to establish DNS services?
A. Bind server
B. Apache server
C. Exchange server
D. RADIUS server
A security administrator is reviewing the company's continuity plan. The plan specifies an RTO of six hours and RPO of two days. Which of the following is the plan describing?
A. Systems should be restored within six hours and no later than two days after the incident. B. Systems should be restored within two days and should remain operational for at least six hours.
C. Systems should be restored within six hours with a minimum of two days worth of data.
D. Systems should be restored within two days with a minimum of six hours worth of data.
The incident response team has received the following email messagE.
Subject: Copyright infringement
A copyright infringement alert was triggered by IP address 22.214.171.124 at 09: 50: 01 GMT.
After reviewing the following web logs for IP 126.96.36.199, the team is unable to correlate and identify the incident.
09: 45: 33 188.8.131.52 http: //remote.site.com/login.asp?user=john
09: 50: 22 184.108.40.206 http: //remote.site.com/logout.asp?user=anne
10: 50: 01 220.127.116.11 http: //remote.site.com/access.asp?file=movie.mov
11: 02: 45 18.104.22.168 http: //remote.site.com/download.asp?movie.mov=ok
Which of the following is the MOST likely reason why the incident response team is unable to identify and correlate the incident?
A. The logs are corrupt and no longer forensically sound.
B. Traffic logs for the incident are unavailable.
C. Chain of custody was not properly maintained.
D. Incident time offsets were not accounted for.
A server dedicated to the storage and processing of sensitive information was compromised with a rootkit and sensitive data was exfiltrated. Which of the following incident response procedures is best suited to restore the server?
A. Wipe the storage, reinstall the OS from original media and restore the data from the last known good backup.
B. Keep the data partition, restore the OS from the most current backup and run a full system antivirus scan.
C. Format the storage and reinstall both the OS and the data from the most current backup.
D. Erase the storage, reinstall the OS from most current backup and only restore the data that was not compromised.
Which of the following describes a type of malware which is difficult to reverse engineer in a virtual lab?
A. Armored virus
B. Polymorphic malware
C. Logic bomb
Using a heuristic system to detect an anomaly in a computer's baseline, a system administrator was able to detect an attack even though the company signature based IDS and antivirus did not detect it. Further analysis revealed that the attacker had downloaded an executable file onto the company PC from the USB port, and executed it to trigger a privilege escalation flaw.
Which of the following attacks has MOST likely occurred?
A. Cookie stealing
C. Directory traversal
D. XML injection
After copying a sensitive document from his desktop to a flash drive, Joe, a user, realizes that the document is no longer encrypted. Which of the following can a security technician implement to ensure that documents stored on Joe's desktop remain encrypted when moved to external media or other network based storage?
A. Whole disk encryption
B. Removable disk encryption
C. Database record level encryption
D. File level encryption
A security administrator must implement a system to allow clients to securely negotiate encryption keys with the company's server over a public unencrypted communication channel.
Which of the following implements the required secure key negotiation? (Select TWO).
B. Symmetric encryption
Acme Corp has selectively outsourced proprietary business processes to ABC Services. Due to some technical issues, ABC services wants to send some of Acme Corp's debug data to a third party vendor for problem resolution. Which of the following MUST be considered prior to sending data to a third party?
A. The data should be encrypted prior to transport
B. This would not constitute unauthorized data sharing
C. This may violate data ownership and non-disclosure agreements
D. Acme Corp should send the data to ABC Services' vendor instead
An organization has introduced token-based authentication to system administrators due to risk of password compromise. The tokens have a set of numbers that automatically change every 30 seconds. Which of the following type of authentication mechanism is this?
B. Smart card
A security technician at a small business is worried about the Layer 2 switches in the network suffering from a DoS style attack caused by staff incorrectly cabling network connections between switches.
Which of the following will BEST mitigate the risk if implemented on the switches?
A. Spanning tree
B. Flood guards
C. Access control lists
D. Syn flood
An administrator wants to establish a WiFi network using a high gain directional antenna with a narrow radiation pattern to connect two buildings separated by a very long distance. Which of the following antennas would be BEST for this situation?
An attacker used an undocumented and unknown application exploit to gain access to a file server. Which of the following BEST describes this type of attack?
A. Integer overflow
B. Cross-site scripting
D. Session hijacking
E. XML injection
Which of the following is an XML based open standard used in the exchange of authentication and authorization information between different parties?
Which of the following ports and protocol types must be opened on a host with a host-based firewall to allow incoming SFTP connections?
A user, Ann, is reporting to the company IT support group that her workstation screen is blank other than a window with a message requesting payment or else her hard drive will be formatted.
Which of the following types of malware is on Ann's workstation?
Which of the following controls can be implemented together to prevent data loss in the event of theft of a mobile device storing sensitive information? (Select TWO).
A. Full device encryption
B. Screen locks
D. Asset tracking
E. Inventory control
A way to assure data at-rest is secure even in the event of loss or theft is to use:
A. Full device encryption.
B. Special permissions on the file system.
C. Trusted Platform Module integration.
D. Access Control Lists.
A security audit identifies a number of large email messages being sent by a specific user from their company email account to another address external to the company. These messages were sent prior to a company data breach, which prompted the security audit. The user was one of a few people who had access to the leaked data. Review of the suspect's emails show they consist mostly of pictures of the user at various locations during a recent vacation. No suspicious activities from other users who have access to the data were discovered.
Which of the following is occurring?
A. The user is encrypting the data in the outgoing messages.
B. The user is using steganography.
C. The user is spamming to obfuscate the activity.
D. The user is using hashing to embed data in the emails.
A security analyst is reviewing firewall logs while investigating a compromised web server. The following ports appear in the log:
22, 25, 445, 1433, 3128, 3389, 6667
Which of the following protocols was used to access the server remotely?
An organization does not want the wireless network name to be easily discovered. Which of the following software features should be configured on the access points?
A. SSID broadcast
B. MAC filter
D. Antenna placement
A computer is suspected of being compromised by malware. The security analyst examines the computer and finds that a service called Telnet is running and connecting to an external website over port 443. This Telnet service was found by comparing the system's services to the list of standard services on the company's system image. This review process depends on:
A. MAC filtering.
B. System hardening.
C. Rogue machine detection.
A software developer wants to prevent stored passwords from being easily decrypted. When the password is stored by the application, additional text is added to each password before the password is hashed. This technique is known as:
A. Symmetric cryptography.
B. Private key cryptography.
D. Rainbow tables.
In which of the following steps of incident response does a team analyze the incident and determine steps to prevent a future occurrence?
D. Lessons learned
A security technician has been asked to recommend an authentication mechanism that will allow users to authenticate using a password that will only be valid for a predefined time interval. Which of the following should the security technician recommend?
A security administrator must implement a wireless encryption system to secure mobile devices' communication. Some users have mobile devices which only support 56-bit encryption. Which of the following wireless encryption methods should be implemented?
After a security incident involving a physical asset, which of the following should be done at the beginning?
A. Record every person who was in possession of assets, continuing post-incident.
B. Create working images of data in the following order: hard drive then RAM.
C. Back up storage devices so work can be performed on the devices immediately.
D. Write a report detailing the incident and mitigation suggestions.
Which of the following is the GREATEST security risk of two or more companies working together under a Memorandum of Understanding?
A. Budgetary considerations may not have been written into the MOU, leaving an entity to absorb more cost than intended at signing.
B. MOUs have strict policies in place for services performed between the entities and the penalties for compromising a partner are high.
C. MOUs are generally loose agreements and therefore may not have strict guidelines in place to protect sensitive data between the two entities.
D. MOUs between two companies working together cannot be held to the same legal standards as
Joe, a user, reports to the system administrator that he is receiving an error stating his certificate has been revoked. Which of the following is the name of the database repository for these certificates?
A software company has completed a security assessment. The assessment states that the company should implement fencing and lighting around the property. Additionally, the assessment states that production releases of their software should be digitally signed. Given the recommendations, the company was deficient in which of the following core security areas? (Select TWO).
A. Fault tolerance
A user was reissued a smart card after the previous smart card had expired. The user is able to log into the domain but is now unable to send digitally signed or encrypted email. Which of the following would the user need to perform?
A. Remove all previous smart card certificates from the local certificate store.
B. Publish the new certificates to the global address list.
C. Make the certificates available to the operating system.
D. Recover the previous smart card certificates.
Users are encouraged to click on a link in an email to obtain exclusive access to the newest version of a popular Smartphone. This is an example of.