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"Allah is most great" or "God is greater than"/ a part of the daily call to prayer sounded from minarets around the world
an instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the position of the stars and planets
a Shiite who is learned in the Shariah, the Koran, and the Hadith; and is known for their piety
Dome of the Rock
Muslim shrine containing the rock from which Mohammad is believed to have risen to heaven; Jews believe Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac on the rock
The first chapter of the Quran. This prayer, which asks God for guidance to follow "the straight path," is repeated by Muslims each day during the five required prayers
the literal translation means "story"; traditional teachings based on Muhammad's words and actions; these traditions are traced to eyewitness accounts
Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina in A. D. 622; this event marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar
The name for Satan in the Quran. Like the devil in Christian theology, he tempts human beings and seeks to thwart God's divine purpose in history
the obligation of Muslims to struggle or exert themselves "in the way of God ; doesn't necessarily refer to an armed struggle
the tower attached to a mosque from which the muezzin, or crier, calls the faithful to prayer five times a day
a marriage between a man and more than one woman; is seen as an exception, not as a rule, within Islam
A chapter of the Quran. This word literally means "fence" or "enclosure". There are 114 surahs in the Quran, arranged in the order of descending length
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