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37 terms

4th grade Unit 1 Social Studies Native Americans

STUDY
PLAY
glacier
slow moving sheets of ice
plateau
area of high mostly flat land
mountain
highest kind of land
mesa
flat-topped mountain with steep sides
plain
area of flat or gently rolling low land
desert
dry land with few plants
staple
main foods or goods that a tribe would eat
adapt
fit a person's way of living to the land and its resources
surplus
an amount of an object or good more than what is needed
barter
to trade or exchange goods
ceremony
series of actions performed during a special event
clan
group of families related to each other
tribe
a term often used to describe a group of Native Americans who share a language and customs
ancestors
early family members
artifacts
objects made by early people
archaeologists
scientists that study the culture of peoples that lived long ago
Inuit (Eskimo) Indians
a group of culturally similar indigenous (people native to an area) peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Alaska, Greenland, and Canada
igloo
dwelling made of large blocks of ice stacked into a dome shape
Kwakiutl (Nootka) Indians
a group of closely related native North Americans that inhabited northern Vancouver Island and the adjacent mainland of British Columbia, Canada
dugout
a boat made from a large hollowed-out log
harpoon
long spears with sharp shell points
totem pole
a pole carved with shapes and animals
potlatches
a special Native American gathering or celebration with feasting and dancing
Plateua (Nez Perce) Indians
a tribe of Native Americans that live in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States
Southwest (Hopi) Indians
a group of Southwestern people called Pueblo, that live in northern Arizona at the southern end of the Black Mesa
pueblo
Spanish word for village
Plains (Pawnee) Indians
Native American tribe that lived along the Platte, Loop and Republican Rivers in present day Nebraska and Northern Kansas from the before the 16th century until the latter part of the 19th century
lodges
large circular houses built over a shallow pit covered with sod which were shared with many families
Southeastern (Seminole) Indians
a part of the Creek Confederation of tribes that moved into Florida in the 1700s. They shared the land with a group of Indians, and the two groups banded and became known as the Seminoles meaning "runaways"
Atlantic Coastal Plain
the flat stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean (including the Gulf of Mexico)
Great Plains
the broad expanse of prairie and steppe which lie east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States and Canada
Continental Divide
an imaginary line running north and south along the highest points of the Rocky Mountains
The Great Basin
the largest U.S. desert which is bordered by the Sierra Nevada Range on the west and the Rocky Mountains on the east, the Columbia Plateau to the north and the Mojave and Sonoran deserts to the south
Death Valley
the lowest, driest and hottest valley in the United States
Gulf of Mexico
The ninth largest body of water in the world. It is an ocean basin largely surrounded by the North American continent and the island of Cuba.
St. Lawrence River
connects the lakes to the Atlantic Ocean and provides navigation to deep-draft ocean vessels
The Great Lakes
A chain of freshwater lakes (Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario) located in eastern North America, on the Canada- United States border. They form the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earth.