AP World History Ch. 13-15
Terms in this set (50)
Byzantine emperor in the 6th century A.D. who reconquered much of the territory previously ruler by Rome, initiated an ambitious building program , including Hagia Sofia, as well as a new legal code
Justinian's wife; helped him run the empire
one of Justinian's most important military commanders during period of reconquest of Western Europe; commended in North Africa and Italy
Byzantine weapon consisting of mixture of chemicals (petroleum, quicklime, sulfur) that ignited when exposed to water; utilized to drive back Arab fleets that attacked Constantinople
revived the Byzantine Empire; "Bulgar Slayer"
Believing that icons encouraged superstition and idol-worship, in A.D. 726 this emperor ordered all icons removed from the churches.
St. Cyril and St. Methodius
Missionaries to the Slavs, credited with the Slavic Alphabet
wrote rules for monks in 357; though people should live a simple lifestyle
This system divided the Byzantine Empire into different districts that were each led by a general, they were created so that the military could respond quickly to attacks, also peasants who joined the army were given plots of land, thereby increasing the free peasant class.
Frankish king who conquered most of Europe and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in the year 800
The breaking of images; a religious controvery of the 8th century; Byzantine emperor attempted, but failed, to surpress icon veneration
title for the heads of the Eastern Orthodox Churches (in Istanbul and Alexandria and Moscow and Jerusalem)
Eastern Orthodox Church
Christian followers in the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire); split from Roman Catholic Church and shaped life in eastern Europe and western Asia
An alphabet for the writing of Slavic languages, devised in the ninth century A.D. by Saints Cyril and Methodius
Prince Vladimir of Kiev
He was the Russian prince who selected Greek Orthodoxy as the national religion. This added cultural bonds to the Byzantine Empire to the already existing commercial ties
(1202 - 1204) Crusade which by a strange series of events attacked and sacked Constantinople, causing damage to Byzantine Empire
The 1,100-mile (1,700-kilometer) waterway linking the Yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. It was begun in the Han period and completed during the Sui Empire. (p. 277)
considered the golden age of Chinese civilization and ruled for nearly 300 years; China grew under the dynasty to include much of eastern Asia, as well as large parts of Central Asia
Second emperor of Tang dynasty (r. 627-649 CE); Murdered two brothers, thrust father aside to take throne; Strong ruler: Built capital at Chang'an, maintained law and order, kept taxes and prices low; More effective implementation of earlier Sui policies; ruled during high point of art and culture
(960-1279 CE) The Chinese dynasty that placed much more emphasis on civil administration, industry, education, and arts other than military.
The short dynasty between the Han and the Tang; built the Grand Canal, strengthened the government, and introduced Buddhism to China
acquired by Chinese through trade with Vietnam. ripens twice a year, which allowed farmers to harvest more crops. allowed China's population to expand
practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household
the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma
Defeated the rival Taira family in Gempei Wars and established military government in 12th-century Japan.
a hereditary military dictator of Japan
capital of the Japanese Yamato emperors; modeled on the Tang capital, Changan
Yorimoto's capital during his shogunate, destroyed in 1331
a Japanese warrior who was a member of the feudal military aristocracy
First Song dynasty emperor who reigned from 960-976 CE. He focused his rule on civil administration, industry, education, and the arts rather than on military affairs. Inaugurated bureaucracy of merit.
A period in time where cultural development took place. Japan's ideas, traditions, and culture, was influence by Chinese cultures.
This Dynasty ended Japan's medieval period. Centralized power and unified Japan in the sixteenth century
Agricultural reform favoring the peasants under the Tang dynasty in China, inheritance system where 1/5 of the land when to the peasant's descendants and the rest went to the government.
A monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia in 7th century, means "submission to the will of Allah"
pilgrimage to Mecca; one of the Five Pillars of Islam
the code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth
First caliph of Islam after the death of Muhammad
the branch of Islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Muhammad
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad
First Arabic dynasty (661-750), with its capital at Damascus, that was marked by a tremendous period of expansion to Spain in the west and India in the east.
dynasty that overthrew the Umayyad to rule the Muslim caliphate from 750 to 1258; for 150 years they maintained the unity of the caliphate and Islamic civilization and culture flourished
most important of the nomadic Turkish peoples who, in the eleventh century sent waves of invaders into Anatolia. in 1071 they subjected the Byzantine army to a demoralizing defeat at the Battle of Manzikert
military and political leader with absolute authority over a Muslim country
a muslim invention, a letter of credit similar to a check
Islamic institutions of higher education that originated in the tenth century.
A written number system created during the Gupta golden age in India, then adopted by the Islamic Empire before spreading further. Used throughout western civilization today.
an Arabic term that means the "house of Islam" and that refers to lands under Islamic rule
"struggle", a doctrine within Islam. Commonly translated as "Holy War," Jihad represents either a personal or collective struggle on the part of Muslims to live up the religious standards set by the Qu'ran.
the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan