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17 terms

Chapter 11 interest groups

Government in america
STUDY
PLAY
Interest groups
An organization of people with shared policy goals entering the policy process at several points to try to achieve these goals
Pluralism
A theory of government and politics emphasizing that many groups, each pressing for its preferred policies, compete and counterbalance one another in the political marketplace
Elitism
A theory of government and politics contending that an upper-class elite will hold most of the power and thus in effect run the government
Hyperpluralism
A theory of government and politics contending that groups are so strong that government seeking to please them all, is thereby weakened
Iron triangles
Subgovernments are composed of interest group leaders interested in a particular policy, the government agency in charge of administering that policy, and the members of congressional committees and subcommittees handling that policy
Potential group
All the people who might be interest group members because they share some common interest
Actual group
The people in the potential group who actually join
Collective good
Something of value that cannot be withheld from a potential group member
Free-rider problem
For a group, the problem of not joining because they can benefit from the groups activities without joining
Selective benefits
Goods that a group can restrict to those who actually join
Single issue groups
Groups that have a narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise, and often draw membership from people new to politics
Lobbying
A "communication, by someone other than a citizen acting on his or her own behalf, directed to a governmental decision maker with the hope of influencing his or her decision"
Electioneering
Direct group involvement in the electoral process by helping fund campaigns, getting members to to work for candidates and forming PACs
Political action committees
Political funding vehicles by the 1974 campaign reforms.
Union shop
A provision found in some collective bargaining agreements requiring all employees of a business to join the union with a short period (30 days) and to remain members as a condition of employment
Right-to-work laws
A state law forbidding requirements that workers must join a union to hold their jobs
Public interest lobbies
Organizations that seek "a collective good, the achievement of which will not selectively and materially benefit the membership of activists of the organization."