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Chapter 28 Quiz
Terms in this set (27)
This commission was created in July of 1967 by Lyndon Johnson to investigate the causes of the 1967 race riots.
The 1964 legislation provided services to the poor rather than jobs, leading critics to charge the War on Poverty with doing too little.
Economic Opportunity Act
This act established the Office of Economic Opportunity to provide young Americans with job training. It also created a volunteer network devoted to social work and education in impoverished areas. (It created programs such as Head Start, Job Corps, and the Volunteers in Service of America)
A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 that provides hospitalization insurance for the elderly over 65 years old and permits them to purchase inexpensive coverage for doctor fees and other health expenses. This health plan is funded by a surcharge on Social Security and payroll taxes.
Equal Pay Act
Passed by Congress in 1963, this act established the principle of equal pay for equal work.
In 1972, Congress broadened the 1964 Civil Rights Act to include educational institutions, prohibiting colleges and universities that received federal funds from discriminating on the basis of sex.
She was the author of the Feminine Mystique and the first president of the National Organization for Women (NOW). It is important to note that the Feminine Mystique reflects the fact that during the 1960s, feminism tended to be a movement of middle-class women.
Presidential Commission on the Status of Women
Kennedy appointed this commission in 1961, which issued a 1963 report documenting job and education discrimination of women. Eleanor Roosevelt was the first chair of this commission.
Founded in 1966 with Betty Friedan as the first president. This organization intended to be a civil rights organization for women, with the aim of bringing "women into full participation in American society, exercising all the privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men."
Gulf of Tonkin
The United States alleged that North Vietnamese torpedo boats launched an unprovoked attack against U.S. destroyers. The facts of what actually happened have never been fully explained. Congress responded to the unsubstantiated report of North Vietnamese aggression by passing the Tonkin Gulf Resolution overwhelmingly. The resolution authorized President Lnydon Johnson to "take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the U.S. and to prevent further aggression." This gave Johnson a "blank check" to escalate the war in Vietnam. Within a short time, President Johnson began to dramatically escalate the number of U.S. troops in Vietnam.
Operation Rolling Thunder
A massive bombing campaign against North Vietnam in 1965. Instead of destroying morale of the North Vietnamese, this bombing campaign hardened their will to fight.
In late January 1968, the Viet Cong suddenly launched a series of attacks on 27 key South Vietnamese cities, including the capital, Saigon. The Viet Cong were eventually forced to retreat after suffering heavy losses. This offensive undermined President Johnson's credibility. As a result of this offensive, public support for the war decreased and antiwar sentiment increased.
This massacre became known to the public in 1969 through Time Magazine, published by Seymour Hersh. In 1968, U.S. Army troops executed nearly 500 people, mostly women and children, in a South Vietnamese village.
The Silent Majority favored gradual withdrawal from Vietnam. Given that support, this was the name given to the policy of Nixon of slowly withdrawing American troops from Vietnam and replacing them with newly trained South Vietnamese troops. The policy promised to preserve U.S. goals and bring "peace and honor."
Immigration Act of 1965
Abolished the national-origins quotas and provided for the admission each year of 170,000 immigrants from the Eastern Hemisphere and 120,000 from the Western Hemisphere.
Students for a Democratic Society/ New left
In Ann Arbor, Michigan, college students founded this political organization in 1960. These students rejected Cold War foreign policy, including the war in Vietnam. The founders of this political organization referred to their movement as the New Left to distinguish themselves from the Old Left--Communists and socialists of the 1930s and 40s. As the New Left influence spread, it hit major university towns first such as Madison Wisconsin and Berkeley California.
Young Americans for Freedom
This ideologically conservative political organization was founded in 1969 as a coalition between Conservatives and Libertarians. Members defended free enterprise and supported the war in Vietnam. They did various rallies including the one in Madison Square Garden. They sided with Barry Goldwater and helped him win the nomination.
This was the name given by President Nixon to the moderate, mainstream Americans who quietly supported his Vietnam War policies. Members believed that the United States was justified in supporting South Vietnam.
Culture that was characterized by music, drugs, and sex. The "hippie" symbolized this new culture.
This is the name of the gay bar that was raided by police in the summer of 1969. Its patrons rioted for two days, burning the bar and battling with the police in the streets of the village.
Refers to the supreme court cases that extended democracy and individual rights. This shift was headed by the man whom President Eisenhower had appointed chief justice in 1953: Earl Warren. Some examples include: Miranda v. Arizona (1966), Roth v. United States (1957), and Roe v. Wade.
The assassination of Robert Kennedy left the Democratic Party divided between supporters of Vice President Hubert Humphery and Senator Eugene McCarthy.
Democratic National Convention
Humphery won the nomination, but antiwar demonstrations at this convention in Chicago forced Humphery to lead a badly divided party into the fall election.
He was the first and only president to resign because of his involvement in the Watergate Scandal. This president wanted to reduce the size and influence of the federal government. Known as the New Federalism, his plan called for distributing a portion of federal power to state and local governments.
He is the 36th president, who signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. He had a war on poverty in his agenda. In an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy families. He also created a department of housing and urban development. His most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
This refers to President Lyndon Johnson's domestic programs. The goals were to use the federal government to enhance social welfare and use education and job training to help disadvantaged people overcome the cycle of poverty limiting their opportunities. The major legislative achievements include: The Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, Medicare and Medicaid, the War on Poverty, and programs offering significant federal aid to education.
A public assistance program designed to provide health care for poor Americans. This program is funded by both the states and the national government.
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