14 terms

APUSH Chp 13 & 14 Vocab

From America: Past and Present textbook
Mexican-American War
(1846-1848) Conflict after US annexation of Texas; Mexico still considered Texas its own; Victor: US; granted all land from Texas to California (minus the Gadsden Purchase) in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
(1848) Ended Mexican-American War; Mexico gave up all claims to land from Texas to California for $15 million
Webster-Ashburton Treaty
(1842) An agreement with Br which resolved the border issue btwn Maine and New Brunswick; Set the NE border for US
Compromise of 1850
Series of 5 congressional statutes, temporarily claimed the sectional crisis; Made California a free state, ended slave trade in D.C. strengthened fugitive slave law
(1835) Americans living in Texas (claimed by Mexico) revolting against Mexican gov't; Mexican troops killed several rebels at the Alamo (a fort in San Antonio); Mexico lost
Free-soil Party (Liberty Party)
(1848) 3rd Party opposed all slavery and nominated Van Buren; most eventually became Republicans
Young America
(1840s-early 1850s) Many public figures (mainly young Democrats) used this term to describe the movement of territorial expansion and industrial growth in the name of patriotism
Lecompton Constitution
(1857) A fradualently-elected group of pro-slavery delegates met in Lecompton, KS; Drafted a state constitution; After a long debate, Congress denied KS entry to the Union
Ostend Manifesto
(1854) By American officials; a secret memo that urged the acquisition of Cuba by any means necessary. Once out, Northerners believed it was an attempt to extend slavery, thus the manifesto was disavowed
Manifest Destiny
(1845) a doctrine to support territorial expansion based on popular beliefs that population growth demanded it, that God supported it, and that it = expansion of freedom
Know-Nothing Party
After the collapse of the Whig party (1850s) this anti-immigrant & anti-Catholic rose to national prominence; Had some success in local & state elections; Failed to keep existence
Wilmot Proviso
(1846) Congressman David Wilmot (Penns.) introducted this controversial amendment stating any lands won would be closed to slavery
popular sovereignty
Settlers of a newly organized territory has the right to decide (through voting) whether or not to accept slavery; promoted as a solution to the slavery crisis; became an issue in KS in the 1850s
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Act passed in 1854; repealed Missouri Compromise, split Louisiana Purchase into two territories, allowed popular sovereignty; enflamed slavery issue and led opponents to form the Republican party.