32 terms

West African Kingdoms Vocabulary

Master the terms for African kingdoms to ensure mastery of the content to be learned.
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Axum
Trading center, and powerful ancient kingdom in northern present-day Ethiopia
Kush
African state that developed along the Nile circa 1000 B.C.E.; conquered Egypt and ruled it for several centuries.
Ghana
First known kingdom in sub-Saharan West Africa between the sixth and thirteenth centuries C.E. Also the modern West African country once known as the Gold Coast.
Mali Kingdom
The empire built by Sundiata; benefitted from trans-Saharan trade. Rulers of Mali honored Islam and provided protecting, lodging and comfort to Muslim merchants who encouraged Islamic religion to spread but did NOT force it; many people continued to practice native religions.
Songhai
A people, language, kingdom, and empire in western Sudan in West Africa.
Bantu Migration
The movement of the Bantu peoples southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000
Great Zimbabwe
A powerful state in the African interior that apparently emerged from the growing trade in gold to the East African coast; flourished between 1250 and 1350 C.E.
Griots
Professional oral historians who served as keepers of traditions and advisors to kings within the Mali Empire
Niger River
Africa's third-longest, it flows in a great clockwise arc through Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria before entering the Gulf of Guinea. The medieval Mali and Songhai Empires were centered on it.
Nile River
A river in East Africa, the longest in the world, flowing North from Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean.
caravan
A group of traders traveling together.
Nubia
A civilization to the south of Egypt in the Nile Valley, noted for development of an alphabetic writing system and a major iron working industry by 500 BCE.
King Ezana
Axumite ruler, invaded and conquered Kush around A.D. 350; burned Meroe to the ground; made Christianity official religion of Aksum.
Timbuktu
City on the Niger River in the modern country of Mali. It was founded by the Tuareg as a seasonal camp sometime after 1000. As part of the Mali empire, Timbuktu became a major major terminus of the trans-Saharan trade and a center of Islamic learning.
Ghana, Mali, and Songhai are located in what region of Africa?
West Africa
What resources did the African Kingdoms have access too?
Gold & Salt
How did trade impact the African Kingdoms?
Trade made the kingdoms wealthy
How did Islam affect the African Kingdoms?
Influenced government, education, architecture, and religion practiced
The most important city of Ghana was what?
Kumbi Saleh near the Sahel
Most important city of Mali was?
Timbuktu
Most important city of Songhai was?
Gao
Major river of the kingdoms?
Niger River
What direction did the major African trade routes run?
North and South, from the Bambuk-Bure and Akan goldfields in the south, through major trade centers such as Kumbi Saleh, Timbuktu, and Gao, and then across the desert, mainly to Morocco
What religion was closely linked to African trade?
Islam
Which city became a center of Islamic learning and education(scholarship)?
Timbuktu
Name the ecological/climate zones of Africa.
Atlas Mountains; Sahel ('shore' of the Saharan desert); Desert (the Sahara and Kalahari); Savanna or grasslands; Rain forest
What goods does the Mediterranean North African region provide the trans-Saharan trade?
cloth, spices, weapons
What was the major resource of the desert?
Salt
What made up the majority of trade in West Africa?
Gold and Salt
Trade across desert zone required the use of what type of animal?
Camels
Name 3 major rivers in Africa
Nile, Congo, Niger, Senegal
Mansa Musa
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.

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