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Because of social stratification:

Some people have more priviledges and opportunities than others

"Meritocracy" refers to social stratification which is based entirely on:

Personal merit

The common ideology of a class system treats__ as a sign of personal talent and effort and poverty as a result of ___

wealth, personal inadequacy

According to the Davis-Moore thesis, social stratification exists:

in every society because it has beneficial consequences for society

According to Marx, differences in wealth and power between the capitalists and the proletarians leads to:

class conflict

One reason the revolution Marx predicted has not occured is because:

there are more worker organizations than in the past

The largest percent of the Canadian population falls within the largest social class, which is:

Middle class

What is the term for society's ranking of categories of people in a hierarchy:

Social Stratification

What is the term for changes in people's position within the social hierarchy:

Social mobility

A caste system is:

Social stratification based on ascription

Marriages that unite people of the same social ranking are called:


Significant elements of the caste system are seen in which country:

South Africa

Systems of social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement are refered to as:

Class systems

What is the term for the degree of consistency in a person's social standing across various dimensions of social inequality:

Status Consistency

What comprised the first estate in England during the Middle Ages:

the Nobility

What comprised the 2nd estate in England during the middle ages:

the Clergy

Which social class comprises approximately one half of all persons in contemporary Great Britain:

Working Class

What is ideology:

Cultural beliefs that justify particular social agreements, including patterns of inequality

According to Hebert Spencer's application of Darwin's theory to the operation of society the:

fittest people rise to wealth and the failures sink to poverty

The Davis-Moore thesis states:

Equality is functional for society

which perspective views social stratification as providing some people with advantages over others:

Social conflict

In Marx analysis, another name for the capitalists class is the:


In Marx analysis, another word for working class labourers is the:


Disparities in wealth and power between the bourgeoisie and proletariat inevitably lead to which of the following:

Class Conflict

A century ago the vast majority of Canada held __ jobs, but today most of the labour force holds __

blue collar, white collar

Lower prestige jobs that involve mostly manual labour is called:

Blue collar work

What is the term for work involving mostly mental activity

white collar work

2 key theorists who have contributed to the social conflict analysis of stratification

Karl Marx, Max Weber

What is the sociologist term for a composite ranking based on various dimensions of social inequality


According to Weber, What type of society places special emphasis on status, or social prestige

Agrarian society

According to Weber, What type of society places special emphasis on the economic dimension on social class

Industrial society

Social inequality tends to diminish in what type of society

Industrial Society

What is the term for the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts, that a person/family controls


What are defining characteristics of the upper class

yearly income of 135,000 or more, inherited wealth, capitalists

The acronym WASP stands for

White Anglo-Saxon Protestant

The term "Old Money" is applied to the

upper upper class

What are characteristics of the average middle class

family income of 55,000-90,000 a year, small amount of wealth

What are characteristics of the working class

non accumulated wealth, family income of 25,000-55,000 a year, routine jobs, few job benefits

What characteristics define lower class

minimal income, insecure and unstable lives, limited education

What social class in Canada is most likely to become homophobic

Working class

What is the term for the upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents

Intergenerational social mobility

__ refers to the deprivation of some people in relation to those who have more

Relative poverty

The life threatning deprivation of resources refers to

Absolute poverty

What is the term for the trend in which females represent an increasing proportion of the poor

feminization of poverty

Patriarchy is

Observed everywhere in the world today in varying degrees

What is the term for attitudes and activities that a society tends to link to women and men

Gender roles

What term refers to an invisible, yet real, barrier that prevents many women from rising beyond middle-management

Glass Ceiling

Most violence against women occurs

In the home

According to Talcott Parsons, gender:

forms a complementary set of roles

A feminist who seeks to eliminate gender itself is

a radical feminist

What is the term for the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female and male


What is the term for the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and priviledge between men and women

Gender Stratification

The form of social organization in which males dominate females is:


The form of social organization in which females dominate males is


What is the belief that one gender is innately superior to the other


What 3 factors account for most of the earning disparity between men and women

type of work, family responsibilities, and discrimination

Sexual violence is fundamentally about


___ feminism claims patriarchy can be overcome only through elimination of gender itself


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