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Social Stratification

STUDY
PLAY
Because of social stratification:
Some people have more priviledges and opportunities than others
"Meritocracy" refers to social stratification which is based entirely on:
Personal merit
The common ideology of a class system treats__ as a sign of personal talent and effort and poverty as a result of ___
wealth, personal inadequacy
According to the Davis-Moore thesis, social stratification exists:
in every society because it has beneficial consequences for society
According to Marx, differences in wealth and power between the capitalists and the proletarians leads to:
class conflict
One reason the revolution Marx predicted has not occured is because:
there are more worker organizations than in the past
The largest percent of the Canadian population falls within the largest social class, which is:
Middle class
What is the term for society's ranking of categories of people in a hierarchy:
Social Stratification
What is the term for changes in people's position within the social hierarchy:
Social mobility
A caste system is:
Social stratification based on ascription
Marriages that unite people of the same social ranking are called:
endogamous
Significant elements of the caste system are seen in which country:
South Africa
Systems of social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement are refered to as:
Class systems
What is the term for the degree of consistency in a person's social standing across various dimensions of social inequality:
Status Consistency
What comprised the first estate in England during the Middle Ages:
the Nobility
What comprised the 2nd estate in England during the middle ages:
the Clergy
Which social class comprises approximately one half of all persons in contemporary Great Britain:
Working Class
What is ideology:
Cultural beliefs that justify particular social agreements, including patterns of inequality
According to Hebert Spencer's application of Darwin's theory to the operation of society the:
fittest people rise to wealth and the failures sink to poverty
The Davis-Moore thesis states:
Equality is functional for society
which perspective views social stratification as providing some people with advantages over others:
Social conflict
In Marx analysis, another name for the capitalists class is the:
Bourgeoisie
In Marx analysis, another word for working class labourers is the:
Proletarians
Disparities in wealth and power between the bourgeoisie and proletariat inevitably lead to which of the following:
Class Conflict
A century ago the vast majority of Canada held __ jobs, but today most of the labour force holds __
blue collar, white collar
Lower prestige jobs that involve mostly manual labour is called:
Blue collar work
What is the term for work involving mostly mental activity
white collar work
2 key theorists who have contributed to the social conflict analysis of stratification
Karl Marx, Max Weber
What is the sociologist term for a composite ranking based on various dimensions of social inequality
socioeconomic
According to Weber, What type of society places special emphasis on status, or social prestige
Agrarian society
According to Weber, What type of society places special emphasis on the economic dimension on social class
Industrial society
Social inequality tends to diminish in what type of society
Industrial Society
What is the term for the total value of money and other assets, minus outstanding debts, that a person/family controls
Wealth
What are defining characteristics of the upper class
yearly income of 135,000 or more, inherited wealth, capitalists
The acronym WASP stands for
White Anglo-Saxon Protestant
The term "Old Money" is applied to the
upper upper class
What are characteristics of the average middle class
family income of 55,000-90,000 a year, small amount of wealth
What are characteristics of the working class
non accumulated wealth, family income of 25,000-55,000 a year, routine jobs, few job benefits
What characteristics define lower class
minimal income, insecure and unstable lives, limited education
What social class in Canada is most likely to become homophobic
Working class
What is the term for the upward or downward social mobility of children in relation to their parents
Intergenerational social mobility
__ refers to the deprivation of some people in relation to those who have more
Relative poverty
The life threatning deprivation of resources refers to
Absolute poverty
What is the term for the trend in which females represent an increasing proportion of the poor
feminization of poverty
Patriarchy is
Observed everywhere in the world today in varying degrees
What is the term for attitudes and activities that a society tends to link to women and men
Gender roles
What term refers to an invisible, yet real, barrier that prevents many women from rising beyond middle-management
Glass Ceiling
Most violence against women occurs
In the home
According to Talcott Parsons, gender:
forms a complementary set of roles
A feminist who seeks to eliminate gender itself is
a radical feminist
What is the term for the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female and male
gender
What is the term for the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and priviledge between men and women
Gender Stratification
The form of social organization in which males dominate females is:
Patriarchy
The form of social organization in which females dominate males is
Matriarchy
What is the belief that one gender is innately superior to the other
Sexism
What 3 factors account for most of the earning disparity between men and women
type of work, family responsibilities, and discrimination
Sexual violence is fundamentally about
Power
___ feminism claims patriarchy can be overcome only through elimination of gender itself
Radical