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different molecules made up of the same number and kids of atoms, but aren't arranged the same
lone atoms or clusters of atoms covalently bonded to carbon atoms of organic compounds that act as a unit.
functional group characteristics
- are the reactive parts of organic molecules
- affect the characteristics of organic molecules
characteristics of the hydroxyl group
-chemicals that contain this functional group are aka. alcohols
A functional group present in organic acids and consisting of a single carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group.
most compounds containing a carboxyl groups are an...because...
acid because they donate hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
a functional group consisting of a phosphorus atom covalently bonded to four oxygen atoms (PO4), negatively charged.
5 categories of reactions
1. functional group transfer
2. electron transfer
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