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Red Cross Practice Test CPR/AED
Terms in this set (34)
After an AED says "No Shock Advised," it is best to...
Perform CPR for about 2 minutes.
When giving chest compressions to an adult, how do you position your hands?
Heel of one hand on the center of the chest with the other hand on top.
When giving a primary ventilation to an adult who is unconscious and not breathing, you notice the chest is not rising. What should you do next?
Re-tilt the head and attempt another ventilation.
As the only lifeguard performing CPR on an 7-year old, you would perform cycles of...
30 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.
Where should you place your hands when giving CPR to an infant?
One hand on the forehead and two or three fingers on the center of the chest.
How deep should you compress the chest when giving CPR to an adult?
At least 2 inches. (2 inches or more)
To ensure effective chest compressions during CPR, what should be noted?
The chest is able to fully recoil between compressions.
If you have a victim that is an adult and is unconscious with a pulse but is not breathing, what rate should you perform rescue breathing at?
1 ventilation every 5 seconds.
You are giving ventilations through a resuscitation mask, and the victim vomits. What should you do?
Turn the victim as a unit onto his or her side (similar to HAINES recovery position).
During a primary assessment, what should you check first (after ensuring the scene is safe)?
Check the victim for responsiveness.
An infant is crying uncontrollably. You could safely assume that their airway is...
How can you protect yourself from possible bloodborne pathogens when treating a victim?
Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as disposable gloves and a breathing barrier.
What is the universal sign that a person is choking?
Clutching the throat.
You are performing CPR when a second lifeguard arrives. What is most appropriate for the second lifeguard to do first?
Check to see whether EMS personell have been called.
When providing care to a conscious infant who is choking, what part of the hand would you use to give chest thrusts?
Two or Three fingers.
You are performing CPR on a victim when you notice the chest begins to rise and fall. What do you do first?
Stop CPR and reassess the victim's breathing and pulse. If the breathing is not regular, continue CPR as though no breathing were present.
What should you do when first approaching the scene of an emergency?
Size up the scene, make sure it is safe for you to interact.
You and another lifeguard are preparing for CPR on an adult. You find no pulse and no breathing and state "Victim has no pulse. Begin CPR." What should the second lifeguard do next?
Begin chest compressions.
When using a resuscitation mask, what should you do?
Place (and seal) the mask with the broad end between the chin and the lower lip.
When giving abdominal thrusts, where should you position your fist?
In the middle of the abdomen, just above the navel.
What is most true about bag-valve-mask resuscitators (BVMs)?
Two rescuers need to operate the BVM.
The AED advises a shock should be given. What should you do next?
Tell everyone to stand clear of the victim.
While preparing to use an AED on a victim, you notice a medication patch on the chest, where the AED pads need to go. What should you do with this patch?
Remove the patch using a gloved hand.
How should you remove a bee stinger embedded in a victim's skin?
What is a signal of heat exhaustion?
Weakness, dizziness, cool, moist, pale or flushed skin.
You should care for victims of substance abuse or misuse using the same general principles recommended for victims of..
List the correct order of steps when caring for a victim who is bleeding externally.
Direct pressure, wrap in a protective bandage.
Which describes the difference in the care you would give to a person who is experiencing insulin shock from one who is in a diabetic coma?
The basic care is the same: call 9-1-1 and if the victim is conscious, you may give foods or fluids with sugar.
To care for a victim with a suspected head, neck, or back injury, you should perform manual stabilization by placing...
Your hands on both sides of the victims head and supporting the head in this position.
You are preparing to give ventilations to a 5 year-old boy using a resuscitation mask. You should give 1 ventilation about every:
You determine that a victim is unconscious but breathing. While waiting with the victim for more advanced medical personnel, you would position the victim:
So they are lying on their back on a firm, flat surface.
You and a fellow rescuer are giving ventilations using a BVM. You position the mask over the victims mouth and nose. What should the other rescuer do?
Get ready to pump the bag.
What is the most essential item to use when giving ventilations to protect you and the victim from disease transmission?
Mouth barrier, mask.
When using an AED, what should you don immediately after attaching the AED pads to the victim's chest?
Turn on the AED.
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