Interest groups most effectively serve:
A. The working class
B. The powerless
C. The upper class
D. Government Bureaucrats
As a result of the McCain-Feingold reforms of 2002, political action committees are no longer restricted in the amounts of money they may donate to candidates.
Except for laws againts bribery, lobbyists are shielded from any legal regulations of their activities.
Which statement about the relationship between interest groups and political parties is true?
A. All political parties began as interest groups
B. It is very infrequent that interest groups try to form their own political parties.
C. There was no organizational difference between political parties and interest groups until the 1930s.
D. Interest groups were first formed as an alternative to the corruption of party-machine politics.
Which of the following groups has had the greatest success with a strategy of litigation?
A. the National Chamber of Commerce
B.the National Rifle Association
C.the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
D. the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
What is the most important and beneficial resource that lobbyists provide government officials?
The iron triangle is a relationship that is established through repeated litigation of class-action suits.
Interest groups can use the courts to influence public policy by
A.bringing a suit directly on behalf of the group.
B.financing suits brought by individuals.
C.filing a companion brief as amicus curiae to an existing court case.
D.all of the above
Which of the following statements best describes the status of lobbyists for foreign interests in the United States?
A.Federal law forbids foreign nations from lobbying the federal government, but does permit foreign-owned businesses to lobby
B.Both foreign nations and foreign business interests lobby strongly for economic benefits, military aid, and other issues
C.Treaty laws permit lobbying by representatives of foreign nations, but no foreign corporation may lobby the federal government unless it is incorporated in the United States
D.American citizens may not lobby the federal government on behalf of a foreign entity, but foreign nationals may do so.
Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between lobbyists and Congress in recent years?
A. The relationship between Congress and lobbyists has become distant and strained.
B. The relationship between lobbyists and Congress has become so close that many have argued that lobbyists have become like staff members to the Republican leadership
C. Lobbyists are more heavily relied on for information, but are less important as sources of campaign contributions.
D.Since the breakdown in iron triangles, most successful lobbyists have moved on to state legislatures.
Alexis de Tocqueville believed that the proliferation of groups was detrimental to a democracy.
Which of the following has been more heavily regulated as a result of 2002 campaign-finance reforms?
B. soft money
C. the amount a candidate may spend of his or her personal fortune
D. all of the above
Why is it important for interest groups to offer selective benefits?
A. It is necessary to limit the extent of the free-rider problem
B. If they don't, people will join political parties instead
C. Selective benefits are the only way to measure the success of an interest group
D. all of the above
Which of the following is not a key organizational component of interest groups?
D. newsletter and web-site
If one enjoys the benefits of a group's collective efforts but did not contribute to those efforts, one is called
C. Free Rider
What is the most important recent attempt to limit the influence of lobbyists?
A. the USA PATRIOT Act
B. campaign-finance reform
C. the 1995 Lobbying Disclosure Act
D. the indictment of Jack Abramoff
When interest groups take out advertisements and hold marches, these are examples of
A. mobilizing public opinion
B. partisan politics
When membership is an organization allows for a reduction in the price of museum tickets, it is called a
A. solidary benefit
B. promotion offer
C. material benefit
Public interest groups differ from other types if interest groups in that
A. they claim to serve the common good, not just their own particular interests
B. they were the first politcal associations to use the strategy of direct mailing
C. they were the first group to abandon lobbying and take up only grassroots activism
D. unlike other interest groups, their status is like that of a charity, not a political organization
An iron triangle is made up of an alliance between
A. a legislative committee, an executive agency, and the federal courts
B. the federal courts, the state courts, and interest groups
C. a legislative committee, an interest group, and an executive agency
D. an interest group, an executive agency, and the media
The practice of lobbying is protected by
A. the First Amendment
B.state and federal laws dating from the 1930s.
C.internal rules of Congress
D.the personal relationships between lobbyists and politicians
The Negotiated Rulemaking Act of 1990 was designed to
A. forbid lobbying of administrative agencies
B. reduce the number of lawsuits by encouraging interest groups to solve conflicts with administrative agencies through mediation
C. limit the campaign contributions lobbyists can raise on behalf of clients
D. encourage administrative agencies to negotiate with important interest groups
Which of the following issues is not part of the agenda of the New Politics movement?
A. environmental protection
B. health and safety legislation
C. industrial deregulation
D. consumer protection
When a renowned political scientist said, "The heavenly chorus of interest groups sing with a distinctly upper class accent," he meant that
A. the interests of the wealthy are more likely to be favored by God.
B. the theory of pluralism ignores the fact that the wealthy are better organized than the poor.
C. the way in which certain interest groups communicate often will give away their class interests
D. interest groups need to work on better harmonizing with each other
Which of the following is not a way in which an interest group can use litigation as a strategy of influence?
A. filing amicus curiae briefs
B. financing lawsuits
C. bringing a suit on behalf of the group
D. actively lobbying judges
The fact that interest groups favor the wealthy and well educated can be understood as a reflection of what eternal dilemma in American politics?
A. Liberty is often inconsistent with equality
B. Democracy has not been helpful in reducing the number of factions
C. There are no efficient means of organizing the working class in the United States
D. Organized associations and groups inhibit freedom.
The major organizational factors shared by most interest groups are
A. very close links with the national news media, direct ties to a member of Congress, a headquarters in Washington, D.C., and members
B. very close links with the national news media, connections with Hollywood, direct ties to the president of the United States, and members.
C. leadership, money, an agency or office, and members.
D. leadership, a rigid hierarchical structure, access to loans from the Federal Reserve, and members
When a coalition of credit card companies form an interest group called the Partnership to Protect Consumer Credit, this indicates
A. that credit card companies are interested in the public good
B. that private interests are hiding behind the ideals of public interest
C. that public interest groups are now actively involving private corporations.
D. all of the above
What distinguishes lobbying from other strategies of influence?
A. Lobbying is the least expensive and the most democratic strategy of influencing government
B. Lobbyists try to exert pressure directly on governmental officials themselves
C. Lobbyists attempt to influence government directly by writing the rules themselves
D.Lobbying is the only form of influence that has explicit First Amendment protection from regulation
Parties with direct interest in a regulatory rule or decision are often termed
A. amicus curiae