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A reference to a statement, person, place, event, or thing that is known from literature, history, religion, mythology, politics, sports, science, or popular culture.
A concise, sometimes witty saying that expresses a principle, truth, or observation about life.
A figure of speech in which a speaker directly addresses an absent or dead person, an abstract quality, or dead human as if it were present and capable of responding.
The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together.
A pause or break within a line of poetry, usually indicated by the natural rhythm of the language.
A fanciful and elaborate figure of speech that makes a surprising connection between two seemingly dissimilar things.
A metrical foot in poetry that consists of two stressed syllables followed by one unstressed syllable.
A poem found in a play that serves to establish mood, reveal character, or advance action.
A line of poetry in which the meter and the meaning conclude with the end of the line.
A long narrative poem that relates the great deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of a particular society.
An adjective or other descriptive phrase that is regularly used to characterize a person, place, or thing.
Figurative Language/Figure Of Speech
A word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another, dissimilar thing, and is not meant to be understood on a literal level.
A couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style.
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion or create a comic effect.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike things without using a connective word such as like, as, than, or resembles.
A term applied to the poetry of John Donne, Andrew Marvell, and other seventeenth-century poets who wrote in a difficult and abstract style.
A figure of speech in which something closely related to a thing or suggested by it is substituted for the thing itself.
A kind of metaphor in which a nonhuman or nonliving thing or quality is talked about as if it were human or had life.
The repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in word that are close together in a poem.
A line of poetry that does not contain a pause or conclusion at the end, but rather continues on to the next line.
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike things by using a connective word such as like, than, or resembles.
A fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter, that has one of several rhyme schemes.
This form is the oldest sonnet named after the fourteenth century Italian poet Petrarchan and is divided into an octave and a sestet.
This form was used by Shakespeare it has three quatrains followed by a couplet.
This form was developed by Edmund Spenser and is divided into three quatrains and a couplet, but uses a rhyme scheme that links the quatrains.
A person, place, thing, or event that stands both for itself and for something beyond itself.
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