129 terms

Musical Terms, Signs and Abbreviations

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Largo
very slow and broad
Larghetto
less slow than largo
Lento
slow
Adagio
slow
Andante
walking pace
Andantino
a little faster than andante
Moderato
moderate tempo
Allegretto
slower than allegro
Allegro
fast
Presto
very fast
Prestissimo
as fast as possible
tempo
time
con moto
with movement
grave
extremely slow and solemn
vivace
lively
comodo
at a comfortable tempo
a tempo
return to original tempo
rallentando
slowing down gradually
ritardando
slowing down gradually
tempo primo
return to original tempo
accelerando
becoming quicker
meno mosso
less movement, slower
più mosso
more movement, quicker
rubato
flexible tempo
allargando
broadening, becoming slower
l'istesso tempo
at the same tempo
ritenuto
suddenly slower
stringendo
pressing, becoming faster
pianissimo
very soft
piano
soft
mezzo piano
moderately soft
mezzo forte
moderately loud
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
crescendo
becoming louder
decresendo
becoming softer
diminuendo
becoming softer
fortepiano
loud, then suddenly soft
sforzando, sforzato
strong accent on a note or chord
cantabile
in a singing style
dolce
sweet
grazioso
graceful
legato
smooth
maestoso
majestic
marcato
marked
staccato
detached
tenuto
held, sustained
animato
animated
brillante
brilliant
con brio
with vigor
con espressione
with expression
espessivo
expressively
leggiero
light
spiritoso
spirited
tranquillo
tranquil
ad libitum
at performer's liberty
agitato
agitated
calando
becoming slower
con fuoco
with fire
con grazia
with grace
dolente
doleful
giocoso
humorous
grandioso
grand
largamente
broadly
martellato
strongly accented, hammered
mesto
sad
morendo
dying, fading away
pesante
weighty, with emphasis
risoluto
resolute
scherzando
playful
semplice
simple
sonore
sonorous
sostenuto
sustained
sotto voce
soft, subdued
vivo
lively
con pedale
with pedal
da capo
from the beginning
D.C. al Fine
repeat from beginning and end at Fine
fine
end
mano destra
right hand
mano sinistra
left hand
ottava
octave
loco
return to written register
tre corde
stop using soft pedal
uno corde
use the left pedal
arco
(string instruments) played with the bow
attacca
do not pause
con sordino
with mute
pizzicato
(string instruments) plucked with fingers
quidicesima alta
two octaves higher
primo
first, upper part of duet
secondo
second, lower part of duet
sopra
above
tacet
silence
tutti
whole ensemble
volti subito
turn page quickly
alla, all'
in the style of
assai
very
ben, bene
well
col, coll', colla, colle
with the
con
with
e, ed
and
ma
but
meno
less
molto
much, very
non
not
non troppo
not too much
più
more
poco
little
poco a poco
little by little
quasi
almost
sempre
always
senza
without
troppo
too much
simile
like
subito
suddenly
volta
time
cédez
Yield
léger
light
lentement
slowly
modéré
at a moderate tempo
mouvement
tempo, motion
vite
fast
bewegt
moving
langsam
slowly
mässig
moderate
mit ausdruck
with expression
schnell
fast
sehr
very