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MedicTests.com Quick & Dirty Guide to Poisonings-Flashcards are designed to help the EMS student retain the key information provided in the guide, while preparing to pass the NREMT exam
Terms in this set (17)
Benzodiazepine overdose antidote
Any substance that causes harmful physiological or psychological effects.
An inert, nontoxic product of wood material that has been heated to high temperature. It is able to adsorb (collect in a condensed form) molecules of any chemical toxins while in the intestinal tract. The charcoal reduces absorption of the poison by as much as 50% and prevents its absorption into body systems
Syrup of Ipecac
An Emetic; No longer used, inducing vomiting is no longer acceptable treatment in EMS.
A substance that inhibits GI absorption of drugs, toxins, or chemicals by attracting and holding them to its surface.
Process in which substances pass into bloodstream from the digestive system.
Irrigation of the stomach with water or saline. (Saline preferred)
Beta-Blocker toxicity antidote
Cyanide refers to any of a number of highly toxic substances that contain the cyanogen chemical group. Because of its toxicity, cyanide is less used in products than it used to be. The agent is still sometimes seen in ore extraction, electroplating, and as a fertilizer. Cyanide is a product of combustion from burning many products including nylon. Therefore cyanide poisoning is possible in and around house fires.
Calcium channel blocker toxicity antidote
Cyclic Antidepressant overdose
Methanol poisoning antidote
Are a group of saturated and unsaturated compounds that are mainly derived from crude oil, coal, or plant sources.
Aka; wood alcohol is a common industrial solvent that is obtained from the distillation of wood. Methanol is actually a poisonous alcohol found in a variety of products that are found around the house.
Ethylene glycol is a colorless, odorless, water soluble liquid that is commonly used automotive products. The accidental ingestion in children is common because of its appealing colors and warm, sweet flavor. The products are commonly misused by alcoholics in substitution of ethanol. As little as 60 cc can be lethal in adults and much less for children.
Isopropanol (isopropyl alcohol) is a colorless volatile , flammable liquid that has a bittersweet taste. It is common ingredient in rubbing alcohol and other household agents.
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