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MedicTests.com Quick & Dirty Guide to Poisonings Quiz is designed to test the general knowledge of EMS students that have completed the Quick & Dirty Guide in preparation of the NREMT exam.
Terms in this set (16)
What is the proper antidote for an adult that has ingested 5 times the normal dose of morphine, 1 hour prior to EMS arrival?
What is the main route of poisoning exposure?
What is the most common cardiac finding in a patient suspected of sustaining a potential poisoning?
Dysrhythmias that cause rate problems (i.e., tachycardia, bradycardia)
What is the approved inhalant to treat cyanide exposure?
What are the 4 main ways a poison can enter the body?
What 2 conditions may be present, if a poisoning patient has a cardiac dysrhythmia?
The presence of dysrhythmias in poisoning patients, may indicate the presence of severe disorders caused by the toxin, such as acidosis and hypoxia/hypoxemia.
What is Gastrointestinal Decontamination
Gastrointestinal decontamination refers to the practice of functionally removing an ingested toxin from the GI tract in order to decrease its absorption. (intra-gastric binding (most commonly by single or multidose activated charcoal), or speeding transit of toxins to decrease total absorption time (whole bowel irrigation or cathartics).
If you are requesting advise on the effectiveness of administering charcoal, what is the first thing medical command will want to know about the ingested poison?
If the poisoning occurred > 1 hour before charcoal treatment.
When should you administer an emetic like syrup of Ipecac?
NEVER! Inducing vomiting is an out dated practice that has proven to be more harmful than helpful in the care of a poisoning patient.
What is the recommended size orogastric tube that is to used for gastric decontamination in an adult?
36-40 French to be able to evacuate larger particles.
What is the proper antidote for a Benzodiazepine poisoning?
What is the proper antidote for a calcium channel blocker overdose?
If the patient ingested a strong acid, medical command recommend giving a fluid PO (by mouth) to dilute the toxin in the GI tract, what two types of fluid are acceptable?
Water and/or Milk only!
What toxin once ingested, can cause complete blindness?
Why does EMS need airway control in a poisoning patient that has an altered level of consciousness, but is breathing adequately?
Altered level of consciousness poisoning patient's may lose the ability to protect their airway, requiring an advanced airway adjunct and ventilatory support with a BVM and 100% O2, to prevent hypoxemia and aspiration.
What is the proper antidote for a acetaminophen overdose?
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