16 terms

Chapter 7: Politica; Parties

political party
Organization seeking to influence government policy by nominating and electing candidates to public office
E:Republican and Democratic are the main too parties in the united states
E:There is also the Wiggs The tea party, and other minor parties or third parties
Two-party system
a system of government in which two parties compete for power
E:Main two parties are Democratic and Republican
E:Third parties have limited chance of winning
National convention
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who assemble once every four years to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform, elect officers, and adopt rules.
E:Dem give extra delegates to LARGE states
E:Rep Give extra delegates to LOYAL states
National committee
delegates who run party affairs between national conventions
Congressional campaign committee
a party committee in Congress that provides funds to members who are running for reelection or to would-be members running for an open seat or challenging a candidate from the opposing party
National chairman
day-to-day party manager elected by the national committee
Third parties
electoral contenders other than the two major parties. E:American third parties are not unusual, but they rarely win elections.
the symbol of the Democratic Party
Political machine
well organized political organization that controls election results by awarding tangible incentives
E:money, jobs, and other tangible opportunities as rewards
System in which the candidate with the majority of the popular vote in a state gets all the electoral votes
Super delegates
party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.
Straight-ticket voting
voting for candidates who are all of the same party.
E:voting for rep. candidates for senator, representative, and president
Split-ticket voting
Casting votes for candidates of one's own party and for candidates of opposing parties, e.g., voting for a Republican presidential candidate and a Democratic congressional candidate.
Plurality system
an electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive the majority
E:a candidate can win with less than half the votes
Party platform
A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years. The platform is drafted prior to the party convention by a committee whose members are chosen in rough proportion to each candidate's strength. It is the best formal statement of a party's beliefs.
the symbol of the Republican Party