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Stress: causes effects and management
Terms in this set (25)
responsible for 85% of illness. inability to cope with a perceived stressor, disruption of well-being and physical responses, adaptations and unique to each individual
what constitutes stress
Evironment(physical), mental and emotion
Evironment cause of stress
Death of loved one, theft, unpleasant interactions with someone, Job, school troubles, Major (natural) disasters.
Acute environmental stressors
Noise, hunger, danger, infection
Chronic environment stressors
long-term relationship prob, loneliness, lack of control.
Electronic monitoring, amplification of the body's energy, self-control of physiological responses. Applications: headaches, asthma, high blood presssure, back pain
mesmerism, works by accessing the unconscious mind through relaxation, increased suggestibility and biochemical mechanisms of healing.
Applications: warts, asthma, seasonal rhinitis, allergies, smoking and overeating
self regulation, Autosuggestion, overrinding of the stress response. control of the body through the mind, slowed HR, and anxiety relief, improved quality of life .
Applications: Emphysema, asthma and cancer.
Progressive muscle relaxation
physical neuromuscular awareness, systematic muscle contraction, relaxation, relief of muscle tension.
Insomnia, hypertension, headaches, temporomandibular joint dysfunction, lower back pain
stress activates the
Sympathetic branch by: increasing HR, BP and pupil size (dilation).
also causes vasoconstriction, bronchodilation, release of glucose and fatty acids.
In the endocrine system: hypotalamus secretes hormone corticotropin, then this hormones acts on the pituatary gland to release adrenonocorticotropic into your blood stream. then makes the adrenal gland secrete cortisol (energy).
Note: in chronic stress there is a buildup of cortisol and affect metabolism, suppress immune system, weakens bones, and impair memory leading to weith gain, type 2 dibetes and cancer
After the treat of stress passes
parasympathetic branch is activated by : returning to homeostatis (relaxed state). it releases Acetylcholine so the HR decreases, BP decrease, pupil size decreases, vasodilation and Bronchoconstriction.
Nervous system-related Disorders
Bronchial asthma, tension headaches, migraine headaches, temporomandibular joint dysfucntion, irritable bowel syndrome and coronary heart disease.
Immune relate system related Disorders
Common cold, influenza, allergies, eczema, rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus, Ulcers, colitis, Type 2 DM and cancer
Manifestations of stress
Trouble sleeping, falling asleep, staying asleep, change in appetite, food cravings: Sweet, salty, fatty
Headaches: tension migraine.
Short temper, irritability, recurring colds, illnesses, trouble concentrating and Depression
Lack of interest or concern, unimportance; little or no concern.
invokes a spontaneous flow of thoughts that originate from the unconscious mind
facilitates self-awareness to allow for growth and healing
entrainment theory, suggest that the body contains many organs that produce biorhythmic oscillation or vibrations, and that the body will adjust to match outside vibrations and create a unified rhythm. relaxing musis can have a calming effect because elevated body rhythms will entrain with a rhythm closer to natural homeostasis.
feeling that the nurse makes a difference and that people listen to her ideas. for ex: staff meeting, and you proposed an idea and every body loves it.
nurse cares about her work, takes it seriously and enjoys it. for ex: solving a conflict with coworkers
has confidence in ability to do the work well and in a professional manner. for ex: solving a conflict with a coworker
quieting of the mind from sensory overload
uses autosuggestion to reprogram the mind to override the stress response
the use of mental images to change behavior or promote healing and relaxation. By using this technique people can reprogram a negative image that elicits the stress response.
accesses the unconscious mind through relaxation and creates suggestibility
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