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45 terms

Literary Terms

!!! CREDIT TO GENESIS M. FOR THE LIT TERMS NOTES :3 !!! Lit Terms for AP English Lit
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Allegory
Extended metaphor with meanings in and out of context
Allusion
Literary reference o historical figure or event
Hyperbole
Exaggeration used to heighten effect, catalyze recognition, or create humorous perception for emphasis
Motif
Reoccuring element in a story with symbolic significance
Persona
Narrator that is either omniscient or within the story but is usually separate from the author
Metonymy
Closely associated object that substitutes object/idea/concept in mind
Lyric
Expresses thoughts and feelings of poet
Elegy
Brief poem expressing poet's grief, admiration, and solace of someone deceased (feel free to correct me)
Ballad
Poems that tell a story which is usually set to music
Dramatic Monologue
Poem revealing the speaker's character while describing a certain event or situation
Cacophony
Harsh unpleasant sound arrangement usually composed of plosive consonants b, d, g, k, p, and t
Caesura
Metric or rhetorical pause
Assonance
Repeating similar vowel sounds
Consonance
Repeating similar consonance sounds
Synesthesia
Describing sensory information in an unusual way (example: Genesis always complains that the sun is loud.)
Blank Verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Synecdoche
Part represents whole and vise versa
Denotation
Dictionary meaning
Colloquial Language
Informal language or dialect; slang
Apostrophe
Direct address of (usually absent) person or personified item
Connotation
Suggests beyond what is expressed
Dialect
Verse containing certain venacular
Diction
Vocabulary, phrasing, style, metaphor, and other elements enhancing a poem (feel free to correct me)
Phonetic Intensives
Sounds with obscure connection to the meaning of the word
Euphony
Smooth pleasant sound arrangement usually composed of liquid vowel consonants l, m, n, r, soft v and f; vowels; and th and wh sounds
Euphemism
More delicate or less offensive word replaces vulgar or harsh word
Figurative Language
Use figure of speech that can't be taken literally
Hyperbole
Exaggeration used to heighten effect, catalyze recognition, or create humorous perception for emphasis
Alliteration
Repetition of consonant sound at the beginning of two or more consecutive words
Antithesis
Joining two contrasting concepts to establish a relationship
Oxymoron
Two word paradox, such as adjective-noun or adverb-adjective, emphasizing contrast
Enjambment
Continuation of sentence or phrase after a line break
Sonnet
Fourteen line poem in iambic pentameter with varied rhyme scheme
Free Verse
Poem without a regular rhyme or regular meter
Anaphora
Repetition of the same word(s) at the beginning of sucessive phrases, clauses, or sentences that are sometime parallel
Villanelle
Means "peasant"
Nineteen line poem with five triplets and an ending quatrain with the following rhyme scheme:
A(1)-B-A(2), A-B-A(1)
A-B-A(2)
A-B-A(1)
A-B-A(2)
A-B-A(1)-A(2)
With A signifying the rhyming words while (1) and (2) represent the specific words repeated for the rhyme
Metaphysical Poetry
Poems speculating the basic principles governing the realms of knowledge and being
Foot
Basic unit of a meter with two to three syllables
Meter
Words arranged in stressed/unstressed syllable rhythmic pattern
Scansion
Indentifying metric pattern of a poem by analyzing the lines within it
Conceit
Elaborate poetic comparison or image
Octave
Stanza with eight lines
Sestet
Stanza wih seven lines
Quatrain
Stanza with four lines
Couplet
Stanza with two lines