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factors that affect people's ability to affect themselves
age & development, lifestyle, health status, cognitive awareness, sensory-perceptual alternations, emotions, communication ability & safety awareness
what are some types of hazards?
infectious waste, hazardous waste, excessive noise, electrical equipment & radiation
safety reminder advice(SRD)
physical or chemical means used to restrict a client's movement, activity or access to their body.
what should you consider when selecting a restraint?
least restrictive, does not interfere with treatment, readily changeable, safe for the client & discreet.
what are some restraint guidelines?
know facility's restraint policies, require a physicians order, observe client, release restraints & assess and provide.
what is implemented in a restraint free enviroment?
nurse assignments, constant observation, bed locked & low, stimulation, elimination treatments ASAP, relaxation techniques & evaluate medications.
event in which a client is caught, trapped or entangled in the space in or above the bedrail, mattress, or hospital bed frame.
what are some causes of fires in the health care facility?
patient smoking or faulty electrical equiptment
in case of fire you should do what?
RACE; Rescue & remove all patients in immediate danger, Activate alarm, Contain the fire, Extinguish the fire or evacuate the facility.
what are some items that cause accidental poisoning in the health care facility?
cleaning solutions, disinfectants & drugs
what are some safety hazards in the workplace?
biologic, chemical & physical hazards, blood & bodily fluid, contaminated needles and radiation
what are body mechanics?
filed of physiology that studies muscular action & function of muscles in maintaining the posture of the body.
what are the general considerations for performing a physical task?
pull, push or roll an object, movements are smooth & coordinated, use arms & legs, keep work at comfortable height and keep in good physical shape.
this is any body action involving the muscles & joints in natural diractional movements
range of motion ROM
how should you perform rom exercises?
twice a day, support extremity above and below the joint, stretch muscles by moving the body part & involve client in plannin exercise program
what are some joint rom exercises?
flexion, extension-hyperextension, abduction, adduction, supination, pronation & dorsiflexion
what is the chain of infection?
infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, method of transmission, portal of entry & susceptible host
single celled animals that in paasitic form are found in the intestinal tract, genitourinary tract & respiratory tract
what is th progressive course of the infection process?
incubation period, prodomal stage, illness stage & convalescence
an infection aquired in a hospital or any other health care facility. Usually aquired within 72 hours
a group of techniques that inhibit the growth and spread of pathogenic micoorganisms
sterile to sterile, objects out field of vision or below waste are considered contaminated, if prolonged exposure to air, object touches wet surface and only one inch of sterile field is considered contaminated
what are the steps for removing personal protective equiptment? (PPE)
remove gloves, remove eye protection, remove gown, remove mask & perform hand hygiene
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