HB Final Exam Terms

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1200 B.C.E.
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Terms in this set (109)
1200 B.C.E.
Israel enters Canaan (left Egypt/Exodus began in 1250BCE); Time of Moses; Collapse of Power; Iron Age-Late Bronze
586 B.C.E.
Fall of Judah to Babylon and destruction of the First Temple (in Jerusalem ... which is destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar); end of the Iron Age;
721 B.C.E.
Fall of Israel (to Assyria); Assyrian army captured Samaria and took the people of the northern kingdom into exile; destruction of Israel; Ahaz and son Hezekiah ruled at time of Samaria's fall
Aaron
In Exodus; older brother of Moses; a prophet; a Levite; first high priest of Israelites; dies before Moses; Antagonist of the Golden calf story
Abigail
Nabal's wife; averts disaster when Nabal refuses to take food to outlaw David: she brings it herself; she then married David when Nabal died and shared his adventurous life among the Philistines (1Sam 27:3). She was captured by the Amalekites and rescued by David;
Abraham (Abram)
found in Gen. 12-50; name changed from Abram to Abraham as part of covenant making in Gen 17; 1st patriarch/descendant of Shem; forefather of many tribes; Abrahamic religions: Islam/Judiasm/Christianity; married to Sarai/sarah; Covenant: promissory...a blessing/land/progeny
Absalom
Third son of King David; avenged the rape of his sister, Tamar, by his brother (Amnon) and was exiled; later returned to Jerusalem; revolted against his father and tried to be king; died in a battle when his head was caught by branches on a tree; struck down by men loyal to David
Ahab
king of Israel; after father - Omri; wife was Jezebel; 1 Kings 16:29--20:40; worshipped Baal; challenged by Elijah and Micaiah ben Imlah (prophets)
Ahaz
King of Judah, and the son and successor of Jotham. His reign is described in 2 Kings 16; Isaiah 7-9; and 2 Chronicles 28; many say that he is the father of Immanuel (story of the sign given by a prophet); 732 BCE, during threat to Jerusalem, Ahaz appealed to Tiglath-Pileser III, the king of Assyria, for help. After Ahaz paid tribute to Tiglath-Pileser, (2 Kings 16:7-9) Tiglath-Pileser sacked Damascus and annexed Aram; ruled during time of Samaria's fall
Ammon
East of Jordan River; person Ammon is born to Lot and his daughter after destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah
Amos
Book: minor prophet of the latter prophets in HB; book contains judgment oracles; 750BCE; the prophet was from Tekoa, in Judah, south of Jerusalem; originally a sheep/cattle herder; the book deals not so much with religious observance as social justice: Amos 5:24-- addresses social justice (let justice roll down like waters ... ); he denunciates the ruling class; first prophet to use the term: "the day of the Lord" (vengence of HaShem?; used in apocalyptic lit as judgment day concept)
Asenath
An Egyptian woman whom Pharaoh gave to Joseph, son of Jacob, to be his wife. Daughter of Potipherah. Found in Genesis
Asherah
Semitic mother Goddess; the wife/consort of Sumerian Anu or Ugaritic El; the oldest dieties of their pantheons; Referred to by the Deuteronomist as "cult object" (cultic tree images) and as a divine name
Ashkelon
City on the Mediterranean coast; oldest and largest seaport in Canaan, one of the "five cities" of the Philistines, north of Gaza and south of Jaffa (Yafa)
Assyria
Nation state centered on upper Tigris river; in northern Mesopotamia