54. The nurse is caring for a patient who would like to try a natural alternative to help alleviate some anxiety. The patient tells the nurse, "I plan to start taking valerian. I think it will relieve some of my anxiety." What patient education is essential for the nurse to provide?
Has sedative effects. Use w/ caution, especially driving, heavy machinery, and other sedatives like alcohol.
• Prolonged use may cause headache, nervousness, or cardiac abnormalities.
As with benzodiazepines, there may be a risk of paradoxical excitation and physical dependence.
• In theory, valerian can potentiate the actions of other drugs with CNSdepressant actions. Among these are alcohol, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, opioids, antihistamines, and centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxants. These combinations should be used with caution.. p. 1271).