American Revolution Unit Test
Terms in this set (28)
What resulted from the French and Indian War?
*the British gained control over lands in the Ohio River Valley
*the French were pushed off their land and natives were forced to move farther west
*England obtained a large debt and decided to tax the colonists to help pay for it
Who did the colonists feel had the right to impose taxes?
their own colonial assemblies
What is the correct chronological order for the Boston Tea Party, the Intolerable Acts, the Tea Act, and the Stamp Act?
Stamp Act, Tea Act, Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts
What was the effect of the Stamp Act?
*It led the colonists to shout "no taxation without representation."
*colonists organized the Stamp Act Congress and wrote a petition to the king
*colonists boycotted British goods
The Tea Act gave a monopoly on tea to the East India Company. Explain what a monopoly is.
Only one company was given the right to sell tea to the colonies.
What did the colonists do as a result of the Tea Act?
dumped the tea in to the harbor
What was England's response to the Boston Tea Party?
The king passed the Coercive or Intolerable Acts
What did the Intolerable Acts do?
*took away the right of Massachusetts to govern itself
*led colonists to arm themselves
*closed the Boston Harbor
*said the colonists had to pay for the dumped tea
*sent more troops to Boston
*said Parliament had the right to tax the colonists
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
According to the Declaration of Independence, what is the purpose of the government?
to protect the rights of the people
For what purpose was a list of grievances included in the Declaration of Independence?
to persuade or prove that the rights of the people had been violated and not protected
Which phrase is the fundamental principle, or basis, of the American government?
all men are created equal
The rights of which 2 groups of people were not recognized or protected in the Declaration of Independence?
women and African Americans
Which battle showed the cooperation of the Continental Army and the militia?
Which battle was the turning point of the war, in which the American forces defeated the British in their attempt to split the colonies at the Hudson River?
The first shots of the American Revolution were fired here.
Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts
Where were most of the battles of the Revolutionary War fought?
in the northern colonies
What impact did the alliance between the Americans and the French have on the outcome of the American Revolution?
It provided aid in the form of supplies, soldiers, and ships which helped the Americans win the war.
Why is the Battle of Lexington and Concord referred to as the "shot heard round the world"?
American Revolutionary ideals impacted other nations
What happened as a result of the Battle of Lexington and Concord?
the Second Continental Congress named George Washington Commander of the Army
Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill significant to the American Revolution?
The American forces were defeated, however, it proved that the Americans could stand up to the British Army during times of battle, but they would need allies to help them with supplies.
What caused the Americans to fall to the British during the Battle of Charleston?
The British blockaded the harbor cutting off all supplies.
List the key battles of the American Revolution in chronological order.
Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill, Saratoga, Charleston, Cowpens, Yorktown
What were some of the impacts of the American Revolution on the lives of slaves?
*promises of freedom were not kept
*tighter control was placed over slaves
*slaves were gradually being freed in the north
*dependency on slave labor in the south increased
List ways women helped during the American Revolution.
*cared for wounded soldiers
*cooked for soldiers
*ran family businesses and farms
*a few fought alongside their husbands
How were Native Americans influenced by the outcome of the American Revolution?
lost their land and were pushed farther west
Why was the Land Ordinance of 1785 significant?
encouraged settlers to expand and move west
Why was the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 significant?
*created a new territory out west which banned slavery within its boundaries
*created a new organized territory out west
*forced Natives to move farther west along with slavery
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