A work that has a second or multiple meanings in addition to the surface meaning. George Orwell's Animal Farm, for example, aside from being about a group of animals that revolt against their owner, is also an allegory for the Communist revolution in Russia and more generally, for the rise of a totalitarian state. In the example of Orwell, many of the characters represent a person in history or an institution; Old Major is said to represent Karl Marx and Moses, the raven, symbolizes religion. Usually, however, the characters in allegories represent abstract vices or virtues such as avarice, charity, innocence or prudery. A prototype, a paradigm, an exemplar. Something, someone or some event that is universal, part of the 'collective unconscious'. In general terms, the abstract idea of a class of things that represents the most typical and essential characteristics shared by the class. The fundamental facts of human existence are archetypal: birth, growing up, the struggle between children and parents, fraternal rivalry, love, family, community life, and death. Certain character or personality types have become archetypal. For instance: the rebel, the Don Juan, the all-conquering hero, the braggadocio, the country bumpkin, the local lad who makes good, the self-made man, the hunted man, the siren, the witch, the femme fatale, the villain, the traitor, the snob, the social climber, the guilt-ridden figure in search of expiation, the damsel in distress, the mysterious stranger and the person more sinned against than sinning. (For archetypal characters, you can also use the term 'stock characters' or 'stereotype'.) Archetypal themes include the arduous quest or search, the pursuit of vengeance, the overcoming of difficult tasks, the descent into the underworld, symbolic fertility rites and redemptive rituals. For example, hate, meet, and moon as opposed to hat, met and Monday which are examples of short vowel sounds. Vowel sounds are particularly important to notice in poetry where oftentimes the poet makes sound mimic sense. For example, in Richard Wilbur's poem "The Fire Truck", monosyllabic words with short vowel sounds (which can be read quickly) are used to describe the speeding vehicle while multi-syllabic words with long vowel sounds (which draw out a line) are used to describe the speaker's contemplations after the truck has passed. Generally, because cries of pleasure and of pain are constructed by long vowel sounds, words containing long vowel sounds are appropriate for emphasizing sensualism, longing or gloominess. In his poem "Trumpet Player," Langston Hughes uses long vowel sounds to describe the bluesy jazz played by an African American musician in the racist turmoil of the 1960`s. The sounds of the words reinforce the nostalgia, frustration and sensuousness inherent in a lot of blues and jazz music.