12 terms

Multiplication & Division Vocabulary

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multiplication
the process of finding the total numbers of objects in equal-sized groups
factor
a number that is multiplied by another number to find a product
product
the result of multiplying two numbers
multiple
a product of a whole number and another whole number
division
a process of sharing a number of times to find how many groups can be made
dividend
the number that is divided in a division problem
divisor
the number that divides the dividend
quotient
the answer in a division problem
identity property
The property that states the product of 1 and any number is that number.
For example: 89,345 x 1 = 89,345
zero property
The property that states the product of 0 and any number is 0.
For example: 124,957 x 0 = 0
commutative property
The property that states you can multiply 2 factors in any order and get the same product.
For example: 4 x 9 = 9 x 4
distributive property
The property that states you can break apart a multiplication problem into two easier equations.
For example: 7 x 8 = (7 x 3) + (7 x 5)