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New Amsterdam

Located on Manhattan Island

New York

Name given to New Amsterdam by the Duke of York after he was given the colony by his brother, King Charles II.

New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware

Middle Colonies

William Penn

Wealthy English gentleman that presented a plan to King Charles asking for land in America in place of repayment of a loan his father had made to the King.

Grain, cattle, fish, lumber, rum, iron

Products of the Middle Colonies


People who refuse to use force or to fight in wars.

Native Americans

William Penn negotiated treaties with this group because he believed the land belonged to them and settlers should pay for it.

Maryland and Pennsylvania

Dispute between the Calvert family and the Penn family over the boundary between these places.

Act of Toleration

Passed by Lord Baltimore to protect the Catholics from any attempt to make Maryland a Protestant colony; granted Protestants and Catholics the right to worship freely.

Nathaniel Bacon

Wealthy young planter and leader in the western part of Virginia that opposed the colonial government because it was dominated by easterners.

"greatest rebel that ever was in Virginia"

Govenor Berkeley declared that Nathaniel Bacon was the ________________________________________.

Bacon's Rebellion

Attacks by angry westerners on Native American villages that showed the settlers were not willing to be restricted to the coast.


Plan of government

land distribution and social ranking

Subjects covered by the constitution in the Carolinas

James Oglethorpe

Received a charter that led to the creation of Georgia.


Created as a debtor's colony, but it received few debtors and became a place with the highest percentage of non-British settlers in the Americas. Founded in 1733.

Rene'-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle

Followed the Mississippi river all the way to the Gulf of Mexico; claimed the area around the river for France.

tenant farmers

Settlers that paid their lord an annual rent and worked for him for a fixed number of days each year.

French and Native Americans

Had a good relationship with one another; better than other European settlers

soldiers, missionaries, and settlers

Sent by Spain to protect their claims in present-day New Mexico.


Religious settlements established to convert people to a particular faith.


Founded in 1607 to expand trade

South Carolina

Founded in 1670 to make money from trade and land


Founded to put Quaker ideas into practice.

Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

Southern Colonies

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