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APUSH Period 2: 1607~1754
Terms in this set (42)
- 1st permanent British colony in New World
-Founded by Virginia Company (received charter from
King James I.)
- Goal: Promise of gold, conversion of Amerindians
to Christianity (just like Spain), and new passage through
North America to the East Indies (Northwest Passage)
- Overseas settlers given same rights of Englishmen in
- Foundation for American liberties; rights extended to
"starving time" (1610-1611)
- Jamestown colony wracked by tragedy during early years: famine, disease, war with Indians
- Only 60 out of 400 settlers survived starving time.
Captain John Smith
organized the colony beginning in 1608
- "He who will not work shall not eat."
- His leadership helped Jamestown survive the "starving time"
introduced new tough strain of tobacco
"Colony built on smoke"
Tobacco, the most important reason for Virginia's survival
House of Burgesses
First colonial parliament in the British American colonies
Virginia Charter revoked, 1624
because James I believed assembly too seditious but he also loathed tobacco.
Virginia became a royal colony
Charles I gave Sir George Calvert (the first Lord Baltimore)
Catholic haven and profit
Act of Toleration (1649)
Guaranteed toleration to all Christians;
Catholics sought to protect their faith by granting a
certain degree of religious freedom.
A person who paid for the passage of a white indentured
servant (indentured servants) received 50 acres of land
- ___________ agreed to years of servitude in
exchange for transatlantic passage (term of servitude usually 5-7 years)
- By 1700, about 75% of all European immigrants to Virginia and Maryland were ________
Bacon's Rebellion (1676)
Frustrated former indentured servants (freedmen) led by Nathaniel Bacon massacred Amerindians and set fire to Jamestown
Significance: white planters began to increase importation of black slaves while reducing the number of white indentured servants
this colony was created in 1670 after restoration.
Goals: grow foodstuffs for sugar plantations in Barbados.
Rice became main cash crop
this colonay was Created officially in 1712 as a refuge for poor whites and
religious dissenters from Carolina and Virginia.
this colony is last British American colony; founded as a haven for debtors as well as a buffer state by James Oglethorp (1733)
Stono Rebellion (1739)
- largest slave revolt in history of the 13 colonies
- Slaves in South Carolina tried to march to Spanish Florida
- Significance: slave system became more strictly controlled.
- Omnipotent God, Original sin & Pre-destination
- "visible saints": After conversion, people expected to lead
"sanctified" lives as a model for the community.
Protestants seeking to reform the Anglican Church by removing its Catholic elements and excluding people
who were not committed.
Extreme group of Puritans who wanted to break from
the Anglican Church altogether- later called Pilgrims
17th CStuart Line of Monarchs
o James I (r. 1603-1625)
o Charles I (r. 1625-1642)
o 1642-1649 -- English Civil War
o Interregnum under Oliver Cromwell (1649-1658)
o Restoration: Charles II (1660-1685)
o James II (r. 1685-1688)
o "Glorious Revolution" (1688): William & Mary; Bill of
First wave of Separatists who landed off Playmouth Bay
Mayflower Compact (1621)
An agreement to legitimize Pilgrims' settlement outside Virginia by creating a secular document recognizing James I as their sovereign
[DEMOCRACY] Agreement provided for majority rule among settlers
Massachusetts Bay Colony (1629)
Non-Separatist Puritans founded ________ out of fear for their faith and England's future.
Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony; he suggested Covenant Theology (=Puritans had a covenant with God to lead new religious experiment in New World)
A city upon a hill
John Winthrop wrote "We shall build a city upon a hill," a model of Christian Charity
_______ believed in an inner light and not in theology, flouted the authority of the Puritan clergy and were persecuted.
prayer meetings at home to discuss John Cotton's
sermons with other women; banished from MBC
The belief that there are no moral laws God expects Christians to obey. It takes a biblical teaching to an unbiblical conclusion.
"salvation is attained solely through faith and divine grace"
Extreme Separatist who challenged legality of Plymouth and MBC charters because land belonged to Amerindians
and was not the king's land to grant.; separation of church & political authority; banished from MBC
Rhode Island (1644)
Williams built a Baptist church at Providence
- Complete freedom of religion, even for Jews, Catholics and Quakers.
- No oaths required regarding one's religious beliefs
- No compulsory attendance at worship
- No taxes to support a state church
- simple manhood suffrage
by Rev. Thomas Hooker (MBC is too oppressive and limitating!)
Fundamental Orders (1639)
First modern constitution in American history, Established a democracy controlled by wealthy citizens
This king clamped down on New England Confederation and revoked MBC charter in 1684.
Dominion of New England (1686)
established by James II to enforce Navigation laws and to bolster colonial defense against Indians, Dutch, and
Glorious Revolution (1688)
James II was replaced by William (of Orange) & Mary; Constitutional monarchy;
Consequence: DNE collpased & enforcement of Navigation Laws was disrupted
Economy of New England
Hardworking (Puritan/Protestan work ethic), subsistence farming, TRADE, Lumbering, shipping, and fur trade; less ethnic diversity
Democracy (within the Congregational church) via town meetings and voting rights to church members (starting in 1631)
Puritans sought to create a perfect society based on God's laws
Puritans argued against slavery on moral graounds
Education in New England
Harvard College founded in 1636 to train the clergy; first college in the colonies; MA school of Law; high literacy rate
- In 1664, Charles II ordered military removal of Dutch from New Netherlands
- In 1685 when James II became king New York became a royal colony.
New York Chapter of Liberties (1683)
Granted freedom of religion to all Christians and gave all
Leisler's Rebellion in NYC (1691)
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APUSH Period 2 Vocabulary
APUSH Period 2: 1607-1754 Test Review
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